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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Effects of Early Functional Loading on Maintenance of Free Autogenous Bone Graft and Implant Osseointegration: An Experimental Study in Dogs

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Faria, Paulo E. P. ; Carvalho, Alexandre L. [1] ; de Torres, Erica M. ; Rasmusson, Lars [2] ; Salata, Luiz A. [3]
Total Authors: 5
[1] Brazilian Dent Assoc, Dept Periodont & Implantol, Goiania, Go - Brazil
[2] Gothenburg Univ, Sahlgrenska Acad, Dept Oral & Maxillofacial Surg, Gothenburg - Sweden
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Dent Ribeirao Preto, Dept Oral & Maxillofacial Surg & Periodont, BR-14040904 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: JOURNAL OF ORAL AND MAXILLOFACIAL SURGERY; v. 68, n. 4, p. 825-832, APR 2010.
Web of Science Citations: 5

Purpose: The aim of the present study was to investigate the healing, integration, and maintenance of autogenous onlay bone grafts and implant osseointegration either loaded in the early or the delayed stages. Materials and Methods: A total of 5 male clogs received bilateral blocks of onlay bone grafts harvested from the contralateral alveolar ridge of the mandible. On one side, the bone block was secured by 3 dental implants (3.5 mm x 13.0 mm, Osseospeed; Astra Tech AB, Molndal, Sweden). Two implants at the extremities of the graft were loaded 2 clays after installation by abutment connection and prosthesis (simultaneous implant placement group); the implant in the middle remained unloaded and served as the control. On the other side, the block was fixed with 2 fixation screws inserted in the extremities of the graft. Four weeks later, the fixation screws were replaced with 3 dental implants. The loading procedure (delayed implant placement group) was performed 2 clays later, as described for the simultaneous implant placement sites. The animals were sacrificed 12 weeks after the grafting procedure. Implant stability was measured through resonance frequency analysis. The bone volume and density were assessed on computed tomography. The bone to implant contact and bone area in a region of interest were evaluated on histologic slides. Results: The implant stability quotient showed statistical significance in favor of the delayed loaded grafts (P=.001). The bone-to-implant contact (P=.008) and bone area in a region of interest (P=0.005) were significantly greater in the delayed group. Nevertheless, no difference was found in terms of graft volume and density between the early loaded and delayed-loaded approaches. Conclusions: The protocol in which the implant and bone graft were given delayed loading allows for effective quality of implant osseointegration and stabilization, with healing and remodeling occurring in areas near the implant resulting in denser bone architecture. (C) 2010 American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons J Oral Maxillofac Sing 68:825-832, 2010 (AU)