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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Interleukin-10 but not Transforming Growth Factor beta inhibits murine activated macrophages Paracoccidioides brasiliensis killing: Effect on H2O2 and NO production

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Moreira, Ana Paula [1] ; Dias-Melicio, Luciane Alarcao [1] ; Victoriano Campos Soares, Angela Maria [1]
Total Authors: 3
[1] UNESP Univ Estadual Paulista, Inst Biociencias, Dept Microbiol & Immunol, BR-18618000 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 1
Document type: Journal article
Source: Cellular Immunology; v. 263, n. 2, p. 196-203, 2010.
Web of Science Citations: 27

Paracoccidioidomycosis is caused by the thermally dimorphic fungus Paracoccidioides brasiliensis (P brasiliensis). Most often, this mycosis runs as a chronic progressive course affecting preferentially the lungs. In vitro fungicidal activity against a high virulent strain of P brasiliensis by murine peritoneal macrophages preactivated with IFN-gamma or TNF-alpha is high and correlates with increased NO and H(2)O(2) production. Within this context, the purpose of this work was to study the role of suppressor cytokines, such as IL-10 and TGF-beta, in this process. Incubation of either IFN-gamma or TNF-alpha with IL-10 inhibits fungicidal activity of these cells However, TGF-beta had no effect on fungicidal activity of IFN-gamma or TNF-alpha-activated macrophages. The suppression of fungicidal activity by IL-10 correlated with the inhibition of NO and H(2)O(2) production supporting the involvement of these metabolites in P brasiliensis killing These results suggest that IL-10 production in vivo could represent an evasion mechanism of the fungus to avoid host immune response (C) 2010 Elsevier Inc All rights reserved. (AU)