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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Improvement of tetracaine antinociceptive effect by inclusion in cyclodextrins

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Franco de Lima, Roberta Aline [1] ; de Jesus, Marcelo Bispo [1] ; Saia Cereda, Cintia Maria [1] ; Tofoli, Giovana Radomille [1, 2] ; Cabeca, Luis Fernando [3] ; Mazzaro, Irineu [4] ; Fraceto, Leonardo Fernandes [5] ; de Paula, Eneida [1]
Total Authors: 8
[1] Univ Estadual Campinas, Inst Biol, Dept Biochem, UNICAMP, BR-13083862 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Francisco, Clin Pharmacol & Gastroenterol Unit, BR-12900000 Braganca Paulista, SP - Brazil
[3] Embrapa Instrumentacao Agr CNPDIA EMBRAPA, Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[4] Univ Fed Parana, Dept Phys, BR-80060000 Curitiba, PR - Brazil
[5] Julio de Mesquisa Filho State Univ, Dept Environm Engn, Sorocaba, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 5
Document type: Journal article
Source: Journal of Drug Targeting; v. 20, n. 1, p. 85-96, JAN 2012.
Web of Science Citations: 23

Local anesthetics (LA) are among the most important pharmacological compounds used to attenuate or eliminate pain. However, systemic toxicity is still a limitation for LA application, especially for ester-type drugs, such as tetracaine (TTC) that presents poor chemical stability (due to hydrolysis by plasma esterases). Several approaches have been used to improve LA pharmaceutical properties, including the employment of drug-delivery systems. Here we used betacyclodextrin (beta-CD) or hydroxypropyl-beta-cyclodextrin (HP-beta-CD) to develop two new TTC formulations (TTC:beta-CD and TTC:HP-beta-CD). The inclusion complexes formation, in a 1:1 stoichiometry, was confirmed by differential scanning calorimetry, X-ray diffraction, UV-VIS absorption and fluorescence. Nuclear magnetic resonance (DOSY experiments) revealed that TTC association with HP-beta-CD is stronger (K(a) = 1200 mol/L(-1)) than with beta-CD (K(a) = 845 mol/L(-1)). Moreover, nuclear Overhauser effect (NOE) experiments provided information on the topology of the complexes, where TTC aromatic ring is buried inside the CD hydrophobic cavity. In vitro tests with 3T3 fibroblast cells culture revealed that complexation decreased TTC cytotoxicity. In addition, the total analgesic effect of TTC, tested in rats through the infraorbital nerve test, was improved in 36% with TTC:beta-CD and TTC:HP-beta-CD. In conclusion, these formulations presented potential for future clinical use, by reducing the toxicity and increasing the antinociceptive effect of tetracaine. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 06/03838-1 - Use of nanotechnology tools designed to induce death in prostate cancer cells
Grantee:Marcelo Bispo de Jesus
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate