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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Accumulation of six metals in the mangrove crab Ucides cordatus (Crustacea: Ucididae) and its food source, the red mangrove Rhizophora mangle (Angiosperma: Rhizophoraceae)

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Amaro Pinheiro, Marcelo Antonio [1] ; Gandara e Silva, Pablo Pena [1] ; de Almeida Duarte, Luis Felipe [1] ; Almeida, Alaor Aparecido [2] ; Zanotto, Flavia Pinheiro [3]
Total Authors: 5
[1] UNESP Univ Estadual Paulista, Crustacean Biol Lab, Res Grp Crustacean Biol CRUSTA, BR-11330900 Sao Vicente, SP - Brazil
[2] UNESP Univ Estadual Paulista, Biosci Inst, Ctr Toxicol Assistance CEATOX, BR-18618000 Botucatu, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Biosci Inst, Dept Physiol, BR-05508900 Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: ECOTOXICOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL SAFETY; v. 81, p. 114-121, JUL 1 2012.
Web of Science Citations: 35

The crab Ucides cordatus and the red mangrove Rhizophora mangle are endemic mangrove species and potential bio-accumulators of metals. This study quantified the accumulation of six metals (Cd, Cr, Cu, Hg, Mn and Pb) in different organs (claw muscle, hepatopancreas and gills) of U. cordatus, as well as in different maturation stages of the leaves (buds, green mature, and pre-abscission senescent) of R. mangle. Samples were collected from mangrove areas in Cubatao, state of Sao Paulo, a heavily polluted region in Brazil. Data for metal contents in leaves were evaluated by one-way ANOVA; while for crabs a factorial ANOVA was used to investigate the effect of different tissues, animal size and the interactions between them. Means were compared by Tukey test at five percent, and the association between the metal concentrations in each crab organ, depending on the size, was evaluated by Pearson's linear correlation coefficient (r). Concentrations of Pb and Hg were undetectable for the different leaf stages and crab tissues, while Cd concentrations were undetectable in the leaf stages. In general, the highest accumulation of metals in R. mangle leaves occurred in pre-abscission senescent and green mature leaves, except for Cu, which was found in the highest concentrations in buds and green mature leaves. For the crab, Cd, Cu, Cr and Mn were present in concentrations above the detection limit, with the highest accumulation in the hepatopancreas, followed by the gills. Cu was accumulated mostly in the gills. Patterns of bioaccumulation between the crab and the mangrove tree differed for each metal, probably due to the specific requirements of each organism for essential metals. However, there was a close and direct relationship between metal accumulation in the mangrove trees and in the crabs feeding on them. Tissues of R. mangle leaves and U. cordatus proved effective for monitoring metals, acting as important bioindicators of mangrove areas contaminated by various metals. (C) 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 09/14725-1 - Project Uçá III - Genotoxic impact on population of uçá-crab, Ucides cordatus (Linnaeus, 1763) (Crustacea, Brachyura, Ucididae): evaluation and correlation with of heavy metal concentration in five mangroves of the São Paulo State
Grantee:Marcelo Antonio Amaro Pinheiro
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 10/05129-3 - Accumulation of six heavy metals in the leaves stage of red-mangrove - Rhizophora mangle Linnaeus (Angiospermae: Rhizophoraceae) - and in body structures of uçá-crab - Ucides cordatus (Linnaeus, 1763) (Crustacea, Brachyura, Ucididae)
Grantee:Pablo Pena Gandara e Silva
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation