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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Insights on How the Activity of an Endoglucanase Is Affected by Physical Properties of Insoluble Celluloses

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Bragatto, Juliano [1] ; Segato, Fernando [1] ; Cota, Junio [1] ; Mello, Danilo B. [1] ; Oliveira, Marcelo M. [1] ; Buckeridge, Marcos S. [1] ; Squina, Fabio M. [1] ; Driemeier, Carlos [1]
Total Authors: 8
[1] CTBE, Lab Nacl Ciencia & Tecnol Bioetanol, BR-13083970 Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 1
Document type: Journal article
Source: Journal of Physical Chemistry B; v. 116, n. 21, p. 6128-6136, MAY 31 2012.
Web of Science Citations: 18

Cellulose physical properties like crystallinity, porosity, and particle size are known to influence cellulase activity, but knowledge is still insufficient for activity prediction from such measurable substrate characteristics. With the aim of illuminating enzyme substrate relationships, this work evaluates a purified hyperthermophilic endo-1,4-beta-glucanase (from Pyrococcus furiosus) acting on 13 celluloses characterized for crystallinity and crystal width (by X-ray diffraction), wet porosity (by thermoporometry), and particle size (by light scattering). Activities are analyzed by the Michaelis-Menten kinetic equation, which is justified by low enzyme substrate affinity. Michaelis-Menten coefficients K-m and k(cat) are reinterpreted in the context of heterogeneous cellulose hydrolysis. For a set of as-received and milled microcrystalline celluloses, activity is successfully described as a function of accessible concentration, with accessibility proportional to K-m(-1). Accessibility contribution from external particle areas, pore areas, and crystalline packing are discriminated to have comparable magnitudes, implying that activity prediction demands all these substrate properties to be considered. Results additionally suggest that looser crystalline packing increases the lengths of released cello-oligomers as well as the maximum endoglucanase specific activity (k(cat)). (AU)

FAPESP's process: 10/05523-3 - Nanomorphologic changes of sugarcane lignocellulosic matter
Grantee:Carlos Eduardo Driemeier
Support type: Research Grants - Young Investigators Grants