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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Effect of the relationship between particle size, inter-particle distance, and metal loading of carbon supported fuel cell catalysts on their catalytic activity

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Author(s):
Corradini, Patricia Gon [1] ; Pires, Felipe I. [1] ; Paganin, Valdecir A. [1] ; Perez, Joelma [1] ; Antolini, Ermete [2]
Total Authors: 5
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Quim Sao Carlos, BR-13560970 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[2] Scuola Sci Mat, I-16016 Genoa - Italy
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: JOURNAL OF NANOPARTICLE RESEARCH; v. 14, n. 9 SEP 2012.
Web of Science Citations: 14
Abstract

The effect of the relationship between particle size (d), inter-particle distance (x(i)), and metal loading (y) of carbon supported fuel cell Pt or PtRu catalysts on their catalytic activity, based on the optimum d (2.5-3 nm) and x(i)/d (>5) values, was evaluated. It was found that for y < 30 wt%, the optimum values of both d and x(i)/d can be always obtained. For y >= 30 wt%, instead, the positive effect of a thinner catalyst layer of the fuel cell electrode than that using catalysts with y < 30 wt% is concomitant to a decrease of the effective catalyst surface area due to an increase of d and/or a decrease of x(i)/d compared to their optimum values, with in turns gives rise to a decrease in the catalytic activity. The effect of the x(i)/d ratio has been successfully verified by experimental results on ethanol oxidation on PtRu/C catalysts with same particle size and same degree of alloying but different metal loading. Tests in direct ethanol fuel cells showed that, compared to 20 wt% PtRu/C, the negative effect of the lower x(i)/d on the catalytic activity of 30 and 40 wt% PtRu/C catalysts was superior to the positive effect of the thinner catalyst layer. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 10/20045-0 - Fuel cells: contributions to the development of catalysts and to the understanding of scaling up problems
Grantee:Joelma Perez
Support type: Regular Research Grants