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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Influence of different types of seat cushions on the static sitting posture in individuals with spinal cord injury

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Author(s):
Metring, N. L. [1] ; Gaspar, M. I. F. A. S. [1] ; Mateus-Vasconcelos, E. C. L. [2] ; Gomes, M. M. [1] ; de Abreu, D. C. C. [1]
Total Authors: 5
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Ribeirao Preto FMRP, Sch Med, Dept Biomech Med & Rehabil Locomotor Syst, Physiot, BR-14049900 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Clin Hosp Ribeirao Preto HC, Ctr Rehabil CER, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: SPINAL CORD; v. 50, n. 8, p. 627-631, AUG 2012.
Web of Science Citations: 5
Abstract

Study design: Cross-sectional study. Objectives: To evaluate the efficacy of the Postural Assessment Software PAS/SAPO in the posture analysis of individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI) during sitting position and to analyze if the use of different types of seat cushions-gel and foam, with no cushion-can interfere in the individual's posture during sitting position. Setting: Centre of Rehabilitation at the University Hospital (FMRP-USP), Ribeirao Preto, Brazil. Methods: Eight individuals, four paraplegics and four tetraplegics with SCI and 20 healthy individuals participated in the study. Photos were taken of individuals in the sitting position using foam, gel cushions and with no cushion. They were analyzed using the PAS/SAPO. The alignment of the anterior-superior iliac spine (ASIS) and the posterior pelvic tilt were evaluated from the angle formed between the ASIS and the greater trochanter of the femur. Results: The group of healthy individuals presented the best postural alignment when compared with the group with SCI, both for the ASIS alignment (P < 0.05) and for the degree of posterior pelvic tilt (P < 0.05). No significant differences were found in the variables analyzed when the seat cushions were compared. Conclusion: The different types of cushions did not alter the sitting posture; however, individuals with SCI showed worse postural alignment than the healthy individuals. PAS/SAPO was demonstrated to be useful for postural assessment. Spinal Cord (2012) 50, 627-631; doi:10.1038/sc.2012.7; published online 21 February 2012 (AU)

FAPESP's process: 09/09421-3 - Evaluation of the influence of different types of seats on the static posture in individuals with spinal cord injury.
Grantee:Nathália Lopes Metring
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation