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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Effects of tributyltin exposure in hermit crabs: Clibanarius vittatus as a model

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Sant'Anna, Bruno Sampaio [1, 2] ; Dos Santos, Dayana Moscardi [3] ; Rodrigues De Marchi, Mary Rosa [4] ; Zara, Fernando Jose [2, 5] ; Turra, Alexander [1]
Total Authors: 5
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Oceanog Inst, Dept Biol Oceanog, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Estadual Paulista, Zool Sect, Rio Claro - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Oceanog Inst, Dept Chem & Geol Oceanog, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[4] Univ Estadual Paulista, Inst Chem, Dept Analyt Chem, Araraquara - Brazil
[5] Univ Estadual Paulista, Fac Agrarian & Vet Sci, Dept Appl Biol & Aquaculture Ctr, Jaboticabal - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 5
Document type: Journal article
Source: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry; v. 31, n. 3, p. 632-638, MAR 2012.
Web of Science Citations: 9

Tributyltin (TBT) contamination affects the reproductive system of many species of invertebrates worldwide. The present study was designed to evaluate the effects of exposure to TBT pollution on the reproduction of the hermit crab Clibanarius vittatus. An orthogonal experiment was designed with two treatments: contamination (with or without TBT in the food) and crab sex (males and females). The animals were reared in the laboratory for nine months, and macroscopic and histological analyses of reproductive organs were carried out after the end of the experiment. Tributyltin was recorded in exposed crabs, but no morphological alterations were detected in the gonads of males, regardless of whether they were exposed to TBT. In contrast, females exposed to TBT displayed disorganization and atrophy of their ovaries, thus directly affecting reproduction in this hermit crab species. This effect observed in female hermit crabs may harm populations located in harbor regions, where TBT concentration is high, even after the worldwide TBT ban. Environ. Toxicol. Chem. 2012;31:632638. (C) 2011 SETAC (AU)