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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Nox1-based NADPH oxidase-derived superoxide is required for VSMC activation by advanced glycation end-products

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San Martin, Alejandra ; Foncea, Rocio ; Laurindo, Francisco R. [3] ; Ebensperger, Roberto ; Griendling, Kathy K. ; Leighton, Federico
Total Authors: 6
Document type: Journal article
Source: Free Radical Biology and Medicine; v. 42, n. 11, p. 1671-1679, June 2007.
Field of knowledge: Biological Sciences - Physiology

Vascular diseases are important clinical complications of diabetes. Advanced glycation end-products (AGE) are mediators of vascular dysfunction, but their effects on vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) ROS production are unclear. We studied the source and downstream targets of AGE-mediated ROS and reactive nitrogen species production in these cells. Significant increases in superoxide production in AGE-treated VSMC were measured using lucigenin (7650 ± 433 vs 4485 ± 424 LU/106 cells, p < 0.001) or coelenterazine (277,907 ± 71,295 vs 120,456 ± 4140 LU/106 cells, p < 0.05) and confirmed by ESR spectroscopy. These signals were blocked by the flavin-containing oxidase inhibitor diphenylene iodonium (DPI). AGE-stimulated NF-êB activity was abolished by DPI and the superoxide scavenger MnTBAP. AGE differentially regulated VSMC NADPH oxidase catalytic subunits, stimulating the transcription of Nox1 (201 ± 12.7%, p < 0.0001), while having no effect on Nox4. AGE also increased 3-nitrotyrosine formation, which was inhibited by MnTBAP, DPI, or the NOS inhibitor L-NAME. Regarding the source of NO, AGE stimulated inducible nitric oxide synthase mRNA (1 vs 9.7 ± 3.0, p = 0.046), which was abolished by a NF-êB inhibitor, SOD, catalase, or siRNA against Nox1. This study establishes that AGE activate iNOS in VSMC through a ROS-sensitive, NF-êB-dependent mechanism involving ROS generation by a Nox1-based oxidase. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 00/12154-2 - Molecular physiology of redox signaling in the vascular system and cultured cell models
Grantee:Francisco Rafael Martins Laurindo
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants