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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Quantum Mechanics Insight into the Microwave Nucleation of SrTiO3 Nanospheres

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Moreira, Mario L. [1] ; Longo, Valeria M. [2] ; Avansi, Jr., Waldir [2] ; Ferrer, Mateus M. [3] ; Andres, Juan [4] ; Mastelaro, Valmor R. [5] ; Varela, Jose A. [2] ; Longo, Elson [2]
Total Authors: 8
[1] Univ Fed Pelotas, Dept Fis, IFM, INCTMN, BR-9601970 Pelotas, RS - Brazil
[2] Unesp Univ Estadual Paulista, Inst Chem, Dept Phys Chem, INCTMN, BR-14800900 Araraquara, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, Dept Quim, LIEC, BR-13565905 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[4] Univ Jaume 1, Dept Quim Fis & Analit, E-12080 Castellon de La Plana - Spain
[5] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Fis Sao Carlos, BR-13560970 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 5
Document type: Journal article
Source: Journal of Physical Chemistry C; v. 116, n. 46, p. 24792-24808, NOV 22 2012.
Web of Science Citations: 35

An extensive investigation of strontium titanate, SrTiO3 (STO), nanospheres synthesized via a microwave-assisted hydrothermal (MAH) method has been conducted to gain a better insight into thermodynamic, kinetic, and reaction phenomena involved in STO nucleation and crystal growth processes. To this end, quantum chemical modeling based on the density functional theory and periodic super cell models were done. Several experimental techniques were employed to get a deep characterization of structural and optical features of STO nanospheres. A possible formation mechanism was proposed, based on dehydration of titanium and strontium clusters followed by mesoscale transformation and a self-assembly process along an oriented attachment mechanism resulting in spherical like shape. Raman and XANES analysis renders a noncentrosymmetric environment for the octahedral titanium, while infrared and first order Raman modes reveal OH groups which are unsystematically incorporated into uncoordinated superficial sites. These results seem to indicate that the key component is the presence of distorted TiO6 clusters to engender a luminescence property. Analysis of band structure, density Of states, and charge map shows that there is a close relationship among local broken symmetry, polarization, and energy split of the 3d orbitals of titanium. The interplay among these electronic and structural features provides necessary conditions to evaluate its luminescent properties under two energy excitation. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 09/17752-0 - Energy conversion through nano and mesocrystals of BaZrxHf1-xO3: A theoretical and experimental approach.
Grantee:Mário Lúcio Moreira
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 98/14324-0 - Multidisciplinary Center for Development of Ceramic Materials
Grantee:Elson Longo da Silva
Support type: Research Grants - Research, Innovation and Dissemination Centers - RIDC