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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Peripheral chemoreceptors mediate training-induced plasticity in paraventricular nucleus pre-autonomic oxytocinergic neurons

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Author(s):
Cruz, Josiane C. [1] ; Cavalleri, Marina T. [1] ; Ceroni, Alexandre [1] ; Michelini, Lisete C. [1]
Total Authors: 4
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Physiol & Biophys, Inst Biomed Sci, BR-05508000 Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 1
Document type: Journal article
Source: Experimental Physiology; v. 98, n. 2, p. 386-396, FEB 2013.
Web of Science Citations: 10
Abstract

We showed previously that sino-aortic denervation prevented training-induced plasticity in pre-autonomic oxytocinergic neurons and blocked the beneficial effects of training. In this study, we investigate the combined effect of training and removal of specific chemoreceptor afferents on both cardiovascular parameters and oxytocin (OT) gene and protein expression within the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN). Wistar rats and spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs) underwent carotid body denervation or sham surgery and were trained or kept sedentary for 3 months. After haemodynamic measurements at rest, rats were anaesthetized for brain perfusion. Fresh (perfused with PBS) and fixed brains (perfused with 4% paraformaldehyde) were processed for PVN OT mRNA (real-time PCR) and OT immunoreactivity within PVN subnuclei. In sham-operated rats, training improved treadmill performance and reduced resting heart rate (Wistar, -8%; SHRs, -10%), witha reduction in blood pressure only in SHRs (-8%). Training was accompanied by increased PVN OT mRNA expression (twofold increase in sham-operated SHRs) and peptide density in the posterior, ventromedial and dorsal cap PVN subnuclei (on average 70% increase in both strains), with significant correlations between OT content and training-induced resting bradycardia in sham-operated groups. Carotid body denervation did not interfere with the performance gain, abolished chemoreflex activation (without changing baroreflex control) and blocked training-induced cardiovascular adaptations and training-induced changes in PVN OT content in both strains. After carotid body denervation, there was no correlation between OT mRNA or OT immunoractivity and resting heart rate. The chronic absence of chemoreceptor inputs uncovers an unknown role of chemoreceptor signalling in driving the plasticity/activity of PVN oxytocinergic pre-autonomic neurons, thus mediating training-induced cardiovascular adaptive responses. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 09/54299-1 - Effects of sinoaortic denervation in the expression and activity of bulbar vasopressinergic and oxytocinergic projections on autonomic control in sedentary and trained normotensive and hypertensive rats
Grantee:Lisete Compagno Michelini
Support type: Regular Research Grants