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(Reference retrieved automatically from SciELO through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Maturation of dendritic cells following exposure to different maturational stimuli

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Author(s):
Aparecida M. Fontes ; Maristela D. Orellana ; Patricia V.B. Palma ; Dimas T. Covas
Total Authors: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: Revista Brasileira de Hematologia e Hemoterapia; v. 28, n. 2, p. 89-96, Jun. 2006.
Abstract

Dendritic cells (DCs) are professional antigen-presenting cells that are highly effective to immunize against pathogens and tumor antigens. In order to obtain mature DCs several in vitro methods have been reported. Selecting the most efficient and effective method of generating morphologic and phenotypic DCs within 7 days of culture is an essential prerequisite for success in immunotherapy strategies. Herein, we report a method of obtaining an enriched monocyte population from blood donors and performed a comparison of DC maturation in response to four agents. Monocyte populations with 91% ± 5 of purity were obtained from 15 healthy donors. The resulting monocyte populations were cultured in the presence of GM-CSF and IL-4 during 5 days. At day 5 different maturation conditions were performed and morphological and phenotypical changes were analyzed. Our study demonstrates that TNF-alpha or PGE1 by themselves can induce the expression of CD1a 2.4 and 2.7 times respectively more than DC cultures in the absence of maturing agents. On the other hand, for other costimulatory or accessory molecules (CD80, CD86, CD83 and CD40) TNF-alpha was more potent in the induction of expression than PGE1, although in the presence of TNF-alpha plus PGE1 this effect is more pronounced compared to TNF-alpha alone. Under TNF-alpha plus PGE1 treatment the phenotypical maturation of immature DCs are comparable to LPS and therefore TNF-alpha+ PGE1 might be useful for generating ex-vivo DCs to use in protocols of cell vaccination. Further functional evaluation of these mature DCs is warranted. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 98/14247-6 - Center for Research on Cell-Based Therapy
Grantee:Marco Antonio Zago
Support type: Research Grants - Research, Innovation and Dissemination Centers - RIDC