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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Simulations of the merging galaxy cluster Abell 3376

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Machado, Rubens E. G. [1] ; Lima Neto, Gastao B. [1]
Total Authors: 2
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Astron Geofis & Ciencias Atmosfer, BR-05508090 Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 1
Document type: Journal article
Source: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society; v. 430, n. 4, p. 3249-3260, APR 2013.
Web of Science Citations: 16

Observed galaxy clusters often exhibit X-ray morphologies suggestive of recent interaction with an infalling subcluster. A3376 is a nearby (z = 0.046) massive galaxy cluster whose bullet-shaped X-ray emission indicates that it may have undergone a recent collision. It displays a pair of Mpc-scale radio relics and its brightest cluster galaxy is located 970 h(70)(-1) kpc away from the peak of X-ray emission, where the second brightest galaxy lies. We attempt to recover the dynamical history of A3376. We perform a set of N-body adiabatic hydrodynamical simulations using the smoothed particle hydrodynamics (SPH) code GADGET-2. These simulations of binary cluster collisions are aimed at exploring the parameter space of possible initial configurations. By attempting to match X-ray morphology, temperature, virial mass and X-ray luminosity, we set approximate constraints on some merger parameters. Our best models suggest a collision of clusters with mass ratio in the range 1/6-1/8, and having a subcluster with central gas density four times higher than that of the major cluster. Models with small impact parameter (b < 150 kpc), if any, are preferred. We estimate that A3376 is observed approximately 0.5 Gyr after core passage, and that the collision axis is inclined by i approximate to 40 degrees with respect to the plane of the sky. The infalling subcluster drives a supersonic shock wave that propagates at almost 2600 km s(-1), implying a Mach number as high as M similar to 4; but we show how it would have been underestimated as M similar to 3 due to projection effects. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 09/54006-4 - A computer cluster for the Astronomy Department of the University of São Paulo Institute of Astronomy, Geophysics and Atmospheric Sciences and for the Cruzeiro do Sul University Astrophysics Center
Grantee:Elisabete Maria de Gouveia Dal Pino
Support type: Multi-user Equipment Program
FAPESP's process: 10/12277-9 - Numerical simulations of galaxy cluster mergers
Grantee:Rubens Eduardo Garcia Machado
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate