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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Progression of microalbuminuria in SHR is associated with lower expression of critical components of the apical endocytic machinery in the renal proximal tubule

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Inoue, Bruna H. [1] ; Arruda-Junior, Daniel F. [1] ; Campos, Luciene C. G. [1] ; Barreto, Ana Luiza T. [1] ; Rodrigues, Mariliza V. [1] ; Krieger, Jose Eduardo [1] ; Girardi, Adriana C. C. [1]
Total Authors: 7
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Med, Heart Inst InCor, BR-05403000 Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 1
Document type: Journal article
Web of Science Citations: 7

Cumulative epidemiological evidence indicates that the presence of microalbuminuria predicts a higher frequency of cardiovascular events, peripheral disease, and mortality in essential hypertension. Microalbuminuria may arise from increased glomerular permeability and/or reduced proximal tubular reabsorption of albumin by receptor-mediated endocytosis. This study aimed to evaluate the temporal pattern of urinary protein excretion and to test the hypothesis that progression of microalbuminuria is associated with decreased protein expression of critical components of the endocytic apparatus in the renal proximal tubule of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). We found that urinary albumin excretion increased progressively with blood pressure in SHR from 6 to 21 wk of age. In addition, SDS-PAGE analysis of urinary proteins showed that microalbuminuric SHR virtually excreted proteins of the size of albumin or smaller (<70 kDa), typical of tubular proteinuria. Moreover, the protein abundance of the endocytic receptors megalin and cubilin as well as of the chloride channel ClC-5 progressively decreased in the renal cortex of SHR from 6 to 21 wk of age. Expression of the vacuolar H+-ATPase B2 subunit was also reduced in the renal cortex of 21-wk-old compared with both 6- and 14-wk-old SHR. Collectively, our study suggests that enhanced urinary protein excretion, especially of albumin, may be due, at least in part, to lower expression of key components of the apical endocytic apparatus in the renal proximal tubule. Finally, one may speculate that dysfunction of the apical endocytic pathway in the renal proximal tubule may contribute to the development of microalbuminuria in essential hypertension. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 12/10146-0 - Molecular mechanisms of regulation of the proximal tubular function in hypertension
Grantee:Adriana Castello Costa Girardi
Support type: Regular Research Grants