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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Association Between Uric Acid Levels and Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome in a Large Epidemiological Sample

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Author(s):
Hirotsu, Camila [1] ; Tufik, Sergio [1] ; Guindalini, Camila [1] ; Mazzotti, Diego R. [1] ; Bittencourt, Lia R. [1] ; Andersen, Monica L. [1]
Total Authors: 6
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Dept Psicobiol, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 1
Document type: Journal article
Source: PLoS One; v. 8, n. 6 JUN 24 2013.
Web of Science Citations: 25
Abstract

Introduction: Recurrent hypoxia, which is associated with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS), leads to an increase in the degradation of adenosine triphosphatase into xanthine, which in turn increases uric acid concentrations. Objective: The current study aimed to determine whether an association exists between OSAS and uric acid levels in the peripheral blood from a representative population of Sao Paulo (Brazil). Methods: A population-based survey adopting a probabilistic 3-stage cluster sample of Sao Paulo was used to represent the population according to gender, age, and socioeconomic class. A total of 1,042 volunteers underwent polysomnography recordings for OSAS diagnosis, blood pressure assessment, and biochemical blood analysis, and answered questionnaires. Results: Uric acid levels were correlated with most important risk factors for OSAS, such as AHI, desaturation time and index, minimum oxyhemoglobin saturation (SpO(2)), blood pressure, cholesterol, BMI, triglycerides and arousal, and with OSAS itself. Also, uric acid was increased in OSAS volunteers even after controlling for all confounders. Hyperuricemic volunteers presented lower mean and minimum SpO(2) and increased desaturation index. Importantly, minimum SpO(2) was a significant predictor of uric acid levels, which in turn was considered an independent predictor for OSAS in the binary logistic model. However, a ROC curve analysis for establishing cut-off points for uric acid levels as a biomarker of OSAS revealed moderate sensitivity and specificity. Conclusion: A strong association was found between uric acid levels and OSAS in a representative sample of the population of Sao Paulo. Although they do not qualify for a biomarker alone, uric acid levels may be involved in OSAS severity and should be considered in sleep apnea management in the future. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 98/14303-3 - Center for Sleep Studies
Grantee:Sergio Tufik
Support type: Research Grants - Research, Innovation and Dissemination Centers - RIDC