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Validation of biomechanical model of gait for use in preclinical test with stem cell

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Author(s):
Elaine Aparecida Fernandes Rodrigues
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Master's Dissertation
Press: São Paulo.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia (FMVZ/SBD)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Carlos Eduardo Ambrosio; Antônio Chaves de Assís Neto; Thaís Peixoto Gaiad Machado
Advisor: Carlos Eduardo Ambrosio
Abstract

Duchenne muscular dystrophy is a genetic disorder with a recessive trait and is characterized by a deficiency or absence of dystrophin protein on the membrane surface of muscle cells, affecting the heart muscles and nervous system. The dog Golden Retriever affected by muscular dystrophy (GRDM) is considered an excellent model for the study because of the many similarities between affected dogs and boys with Duchenne muscular dystrophy. It is known that the animal model GRMD have progressive muscle weakness, which leads to major changes in their gait. Knowlege of these adaptations in the absence of skeletal muscles can account for disease progression in this model as well as helping with a new tool for quantitative evaluation of future treatments for DMD. Porting this study addresses the variables of walking the dog GRDM in order to establish a tool for quantitative assessment of gait in this experimental model that may contribute to future therapeutic research and collaborate with the knowledge and applicability of animal gait biomechanics. We used six dystrophy animals selected from the colony of dogs GRMD Brazil. Analysis was carried out of the body segments of biometrics, using kinematic and dynamic analysis of resulting from image and use of a force platform. The results obtained from the average of the biometrics body segments of the six animals studied: arm: 16,69cm; forearm17,12cm; carpus 5,16cm; thigh18,91cm; leg 19,03cm; tarsus 10,98cm; chest 67.54cm; height 52,14cm; e weight 20,44kg. In the kinematic analysis results obtained regarding the degree of flexion and extension of the following joints: escapuloumeral (flexion: 121.44° and extension 152.76°), umeroradioulnar (flexion 121.68° and extension 153.24°), carpo (flexion 122.2° and extension 152.84°), coxofemoral (flexion 122.08° and extension 153.96°), femortibiopatelar (flexion 121.2° and extension 151.64°), tarsus (flexion 121.48° and extension 153.44°). In dynamic analysis obtained from the force plataform the average values of peak groun reaction force of each animal were: Biz 141N, Gaspar 128N, Lola 180N, Luck 183N, Monstra 150N, Winner135N. Whith these results we conclude that the join femortibiopatelar was the one whith a degree of magnitude higher than in the other joints; peak flexion and extension vary according to each joint; peak flexion and extension vary more in the hind limb when comapred to the fore limb. The results obtained can be useful in pre-clinical evaluation using a canine model. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 10/03445-5 - Validation of biomechanical gait model for use in preclinical trials with stem cells
Grantee:Elaine Aparecida Fernandes Rodrigues
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master