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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Short-term changes in nitrogen availability, gas fluxes (CO2, NO, N2O) and microbial biomass after tillage during pasture re-establishment in Rondonia, Brazil

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Carmo, Janaina Braga do ; Piccolo, Marisa de Cássia ; Andrade, Cristiano Alberto de ; Cerri, Carlos Eduardo Pellegrino ; Feigl, Brigitte Josefine ; Sousa Neto, Eráclito ; Cerri, Carlos Clemente [7]
Total Authors: 7
Document type: Journal article
Source: SOIL & TILLAGE RESEARCH; v. 96, n. 1/2, p. 250-259, Oct. 2007.
Field of knowledge: Agronomical Sciences - Agronomy

Anthropogenic conversion of primary forest to pasture for cattle production is still frequent in the Amazon Basin. Practices adopted by ranchers to restore productivity to degraded pasture have the potential to alter soil N availability and N gas losses from soils. We examined short-term (35 days) effects of tillage prior to pasture re-establishment on soil N availability, CO2, NO and N2O fluxes and microbial biomass C and N under degraded pasture at Nova Vida ranch, Rondônia, Brazilian Amazon. We collected soil samples and measured gas fluxes in tilled and control (non tilled pasture) 12 times at equally spaced intervals during October 2001 to quantify the effect of tillage. Maximum soil NH4+ and NO3- pools were 13.2 and 6.3 kg N ha-1 respectively after tillage compared to 0.24 and 6.3 kg N ha-1 in the control. Carbon dioxide flux ranged from 118 to 181 mg C-CO2 m2 h-1 in the control (non-tilled) and from 110 to 235 mg C-CO2 m2 h-1 when tilled. Microbial biomass C varied from 365 to 461 ug g-1 in the control and from 248 to 535 ug g-1 when tilled. The values for N2O fluxes ranged from 1.22 to 96.9 ug N m-2 h-1 in the tilled plots with a maximum 3 days after the second tilling. Variability in NO flux in the control and when tilled was consistent with previous measures of NO emissions from pasture at Nova Vida. When tilled, the NO/N2O ratio remained <1 after the first tilling suggesting that denitrification dominated N cycling. The effects of tilling on microbial parameters were less clear, except for a decrease in qCO2 and an increase in microbial biomass C/N immediately after tilling. Our results suggest that restoration of degraded pastures with tillage will lead to less C matter, at least initially. Further long-term research is needed. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 00/08239-2 - Strategies for restoration of degraded pastures in Amazonia examining agronomic, environmental and economic criteria
Grantee:Carlos Clemente Cerri
Support Opportunities: Research Projects - Thematic Grants