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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Preparation of Sulfonated Carbons from Rice Husk and Their Application in Catalytic Conversion of Glycerol

Full text
Author(s):
Galhardo, Thalita S. [1] ; Simone, Nathalia [1] ; Goncalves, Maraisa [1] ; Figueiredo, Flavia C. A. [1] ; Mandelli, Dalmo [1] ; Carvalho, Wagner A. [1]
Total Authors: 6
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Fed ABC, Ctr Ciencias Nat & Humanas, BR-09210170 Santo Andre, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 1
Document type: Journal article
Source: ACS SUSTAINABLE CHEMISTRY & ENGINEERING; v. 1, n. 11, p. 1381-1389, NOV 2013.
Web of Science Citations: 40
Abstract

Sulfonated carbons were prepared from carbonized rice husk and further treatment with sulfuric acid (TC-6M, sulfuric acid 6 mol L-1 under reflux, TC-L, concentrated 96% sulfuric acid under reflux, TC-V, vapor of concentrated 96% sulfuric acid). The catalytic activity of carbons was evaluated in esterification of glycerol with acetic acid (AA) and etherification of glycerol with tert-butyl alcohol (TBA). Only the TC-L carbon showed a significant amount of sulfur in its composition (2.2 mmol Cl-1). This catalyst also had the highest total acidity (5.8 mmol g(-1)) and improved the best catalytic performance in glycerol esterification and etherification. In the esterification reaction of glycerol, 90% conversion was observed after 5 h of reaction, with selectivities of 11%, 52%, and 37% to mono-, di-, and tri-glycerides, respectively. In the etherification of glycerol, after 4 h of reaction a conversion of 53% was achieved, with 25% selectivity to di-and tri-tert-butylglycerol. Thus, the use of sulfonated carbons in glycerol conversion proved to be an interesting alternative to add value to the production chains of rice and biodiesel by using their byproducts: rice husk and glycerol. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 09/07125-8 - Catalytic conversion of glycerol mediated by pillared clays, activated carbons and conducting polymers
Grantee:Flávia Camargo Alves Figueiredo
Support type: Research Grants - Young Investigators Grants
FAPESP's process: 09/07109-2 - Catalytic hydrogenolysis of glycerol mediated by ruthenium catalysts
Grantee:Wagner Alves Carvalho
Support type: Regular Research Grants