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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Conflicting Selection in the Course of Adaptive Diversification: The Interplay between Mutualism and Intraspecific Competition

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Raimundo, Rafael L. G. [1] ; Gibert, Jean P. [2] ; Hembry, David H. [3] ; Guimaraes, Jr., Paulo R. [1]
Total Authors: 4
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biociencias, Dept Ecol, BR-05508900 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Nebraska, Sch Biol Sci, Lincoln, NE 68588 - USA
[3] Univ Calif Berkeley, Dept Environm Sci Policy & Management, Berkeley, CA 94720 - USA
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: American Naturalist; v. 183, n. 3, p. 363-375, MAR 1 2014.
Web of Science Citations: 16

Adaptive speciation can occur when a population undergoes assortative mating and disruptive selection caused by frequency-dependent intraspecific competition. However, other interactions, such as mutualisms based on trait matching, may generate conflicting selective pressures that constrain species diversification. We used individual-based simulations to explore how different types of mutualism affect adaptive diversification. A magic trait was assumed to simultaneously mediate mate choice, intraspecific competition, and mutualisms. In scenarios of intimate, specialized mutualisms, individuals interact with one or few individual mutualistic partners, and diversification is constrained only if the mutualism is obligate. In other scenarios, increasing numbers of different partners per individual limit diversification by generating stabilizing selection. Stabilizing selection emerges from the greater likelihood of trait mismatches for rare, extreme phenotypes than for common intermediate phenotypes. Constraints on diversification imposed by increased numbers of partners decrease if the trait matching degree has smaller positive effects on fitness. These results hold after the relaxation of various assumptions. When trait matching matters, mutualism-generated stabilizing selection would thus often constrain diversification in obligate mutualisms, such as ant-myrmecophyte associations, and in low-intimacy mutualisms, including plant-seed disperser systems. Hence, different processes, such as trait convergence favoring the incorporation of nonrelated species, are needed to explain the higher richness of low-intimacy assemblagesshown here to be up to 1 order of magnitude richer than high-intimacy systems. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 09/54422-8 - Structure and coevolutionary dynamics in mutualistic networks
Grantee:Paulo Roberto Guimarães Junior
Support type: Research Grants - Young Investigators Grants
FAPESP's process: 11/13054-6 - Natural selection and the structure, dynamics, and diversification of mutualistic assemblages
Grantee:Rafael Luís Galdini Raimundo
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate