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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Validation of surrogate indexes of insulin sensitivity in acute phase of myocardial infarction based on euglycemic-hyperinsulinemic clamp

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Moura, Filipe A. [1] ; Carvalho, Luiz Sergio F. [1] ; Cintra, Riobaldo M. R. [1] ; Martins, Naiara V. [2] ; Figueiredo, Valeria N. [1] ; Quinaglia e Silva, Jose C. [2, 3] ; Almeida, Osorio L. R. [2, 3] ; Coelho, Otavio R. [1] ; Sposito, Andrei C. [1]
Total Authors: 9
[1] Univ Estadual Campinas, Div Cardiol, Sch Med, Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Brasilia, Sch Med, Brasilia, DF - Brazil
[3] Hosp Base Distrito Fed, Brasilia, DF - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Web of Science Citations: 8

The decrease in insulin sensitivity (IS) during myocardial infarction (MI) is recognized as a possible contributor to poor patient outcomes. Despite its potential relevance, a standardized and convenient IS assessment tool has yet to be established for said clinical scenarios. This study aimed to validate the accuracy of surrogate indexes in determining IS in acute MI patients by comparison with the gold standard reference method for measuring IS, the euglycemic-hyperinsulinemic clamp (EHC). We performed EHCs in 31 consecutive nondiabetic patients who were admitted within the first 24 h of symptoms of ST-segment elevation MI. Patients with prior diagnosis of diabetes, use of hypoglycemic agents, or a glycosylated hemoglobin >= 6.5% were excluded. EHCs were performed at the second day (D2) and sixth day (D6) post-MI. Basal (12-h fasting) blood samples from D2 and D6 were used to evaluate patient blood glucose and insulin levels. We then calculated the following surrogate indexes: homeostatic model assessment of insulin sensitivity (HOMA2S), homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), and quantitative insulin sensitivity check index (QUICKI). The IS index measured by EHC (ISiclamp) was correlated to HOMA2S, HOMA-IR, and QUICKI at D2 (r = 0.485, P = 0.009; r = -0.384, P = 0.048; r = 0.479, P = 0.01, respectively) and D6 (r = 0.621, P = 0.002; r = -0.576, P = 0.006; r = 0.626, P = 0.002, respectively). Receiver operator characteristic curves made for discrimination of ISiclamp above the median in D2 and D6 depicted areas under the curve of 0.740, 0.734, and 0.760 for HOMA2S, HOMA-IR, and QUICKI, respectively. Bland-Altman plots displayed no apparent systematic error for indexes, but a propensity for proportional error, particularly with HOMA-IR. Thus, based on EHC, these simple surrogate indexes are feasible for assessing IS during MI. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 12/18044-1 - Effect of niacin on HDL cholesterol and endothelial function in patients with low HDL cholesterol levels with or without hypertriglyceridaemia
Grantee:Valéria Nasser Figueiredo
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate