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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Effects of P-MAPA immunomodulator on Toll-like receptor 2, ROS, nitric oxide, MAPKp38 and IKK in PBMC and macrophages from dogs with visceral leishmaniasis

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Melo, L. M. [1] ; Perosso, J. [1] ; Almeida, B. F. M. [1] ; Silva, K. L. O. [1] ; Somenzari, M. A. [2] ; de Lima, V. M. F. [2]
Total Authors: 6
[1] Univ Estadual Paulista, Fac Med Vet, Posgrad Ciencia Anim, Aracatuba, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Estadual Paulista, Fac Med Vet, Dept Clin Cirugia & Reprod Anim, Aracatuba, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: International Immunopharmacology; v. 18, n. 2, p. 373-378, FEB 2014.
Web of Science Citations: 13

Leishmania (L.) chagasi is the etiologic agent of visceral leishmaniasis (VL) that can be transmitted to humans and dogs. VL in Brazil represents a serious public health problem; therefore, it is important to study new alternatives to treat infected dogs. In dogs, the therapeutic arsenal against canine VL is limited. The immunomodulator protein aggregate magnesium-ammonium phospholinoleate-palmitoleate anhydride (P-MAPA) improves immunocompetence when the immune system is impaired, but its dependence on Toll-like receptors (TLRs) and the mechanisms involved in immune response remain unclear. The in vitro action of P-MAPA on the expression of TLR2 and TLR4, reactive oxygen species (ROS), nitric oxide (NO) and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38 MAPK) and IKK phosphorylation was studied in mononuclear cells from peripheral blood and macrophages from healthy and Leishmania-infected dogs. The PBMC or macrophages were isolated and cultured with different concentrations of P-MAPA (20,100 and 200 mu g/ml) in a humid environment at 37 degrees C with 5% CO2. Observation revealed that Leishmania-infected dogs showed a decrease in TLR2 in macrophages compared with healthy dogs and in induction with P-MAPA. ROS were increased in PBMCs from Leishmania spp.-infected dogs compared with healthy dogs and P-MAPA improved ROS production. NO production was increased in culture supernatant from macrophages stimulated by P-MAPA in both healthy and Leishmania spp. infected dogs. Treatment of macrophages from healthy dogs with immunomodulatory P-MAPA induced p38 MAPK and IKK phosphorylation, suggesting signal transduction by this pathway. These findings suggest that P-MAPA has potential as a therapeutic drug in the treatment of canine visceral leishmaniasis. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 09/50426-9 - Use evaluation of protein aggregate magnesium-ammonium phospholinoleate-palmitoleate anhydride immunomodulator in the treatment of dogs with symptoms of visceral leishmaniasis
Grantee:Valéria Marçal Felix de Lima
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 10/13166-6 - TL2 and TL4 evaluation, ROS, and nitric oxide in peripheral blood mononuclear cells from Leishmania infected dogs and controls after stimluation with P-MAPA immunomodulator.
Grantee:Larissa Martins Melo
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Master