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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Leucine Supplementation Improves Skeletal Muscle Regeneration after Cryolesion in Rats

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Pereira, Marcelo G. [1] ; Baptista, Igor L. [1] ; Carlassara, Eduardo O. C. [1] ; Moriscot, Anselmo S. [1] ; Aoki, Marcelo S. [2] ; Miyabara, Elen H. [1]
Total Authors: 6
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biomed Sci, Dept Anat, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Arts Sci & Humanities, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: PLoS One; v. 9, n. 1 JAN 8 2014.
Web of Science Citations: 30

This study was undertaken in order to provide further insight into the role of leucine supplementation in the skeletal muscle regeneration process, focusing on myofiber size and strength recovery. Young (2-month-old) rats were subjected or not to leucine supplementation (1.35 g/kg per day) started 3 days prior to cryolesion. Then, soleus muscles were cryolesioned and continued receiving leucine supplementation until 1, 3 and 10 days later. Soleus muscles from leucine-supplemented animals displayed an increase in myofiber size and a reduction in collagen type III expression on post-cryolesion day 10. Leucine was also effective in reducing FOXO3a activation and ubiquitinated protein accumulation in muscles at post-cryolesion days 3 and 10. In addition, leucine supplementation minimized the cryolesion-induced decrease in tetanic strength and increase in fatigue in regenerating muscles at post-cryolesion day 10. These beneficial effects of leucine were not accompanied by activation of any elements of the phosphoinositide 3-kinase/Akt/mechanistic target of rapamycin signalling pathway in the regenerating muscles. Our results show that leucine improves myofiber size gain and strength recovery in regenerating soleus muscles through attenuation of protein ubiquitination. In addition, leucine might have therapeutic effects for muscle recovery following injury and in some muscle diseases. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 12/15276-9 - Skeletal muscle plasticity after injury in old rats: effect of leucine supplementation
Grantee:Elen Haruka Miyabara
Support type: Regular Research Grants