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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Effect of diabetic neuropathy severity classified by a fuzzy model in muscle dynamics during gait

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Author(s):
Watari, Ricky [1] ; Sartor, Cristina D. [1] ; Picon, Andreja P. [1] ; Butugan, Marco K. [1] ; Amorim, Cesar F. [2] ; Ortega, Neli R. S. [3] ; Sacco, Isabel C. N. [1]
Total Authors: 7
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Med, Dept Phys Therapy Speech & Occupat Therapy, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ City Sao Paulo UNICID, Phys Therapy Masters Program, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Med, Ctr Fuzzy Syst Hlth, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: JOURNAL OF NEUROENGINEERING AND REHABILITATION; v. 11, FEB 8 2014.
Web of Science Citations: 16
Abstract

Background: Electromyography (EMG) alterations during gait, supposedly caused by diabetic sensorimotor polyneuropathy, are subtle and still inconsistent, due to difficulties in defining homogeneous experimental groups with a clear definition of disease stages. Since evaluating these patients involve many uncertainties, the use of a fuzzy model could enable a better discrimination among different stages of diabetic polyneuropathy and lead to a clarification of when changes in muscle activation start occurring. The aim of this study was to investigate EMG patterns during gait in diabetic individuals with different stages of DSP severity, classified by a fuzzy system. Methods: 147 subjects were divided into a control group (n = 30) and four diabetic groups: absent (n = 43), mild (n = 30), moderate (n = 16), and severe (n = 28) neuropathy, classified by a fuzzy model. The EMG activity of the vastus lateralis, tibialis anterior, and gastrocnemius medialis were measured during gait. Temporal and relative magnitude variables were compared among groups using ANOVA tests. Results: Muscle activity changes are present even before an established neural involvement, with delay in vastus lateralis peak and lower tibialis anterior relative magnitude. These alterations suggest an impaired ankle shock absorption mechanism, with compensation at the knee. This condition seems to be more pronounced in higher degrees of neuropathy, as there is an increased vastus lateralis activity in the mild and severe neuropathy groups. Tibialis anterior onset at terminal stance was anticipated in all diabetic groups; at higher degrees of neuropathy, the gastrocnemius medialis exhibited activity reduction and peak delay. Conclusion: EMG alterations in the vastus lateralis and tibialis anterior occur even in the absence of diabetic neuropathy and in mild neuropathic subjects, seemingly causing changes in the shock absorption mechanisms at the heel strike. These changes increase with the onset of neural impairments, and the gastrocnemius medialis starts presenting altered activity in the later stages of the disease (moderate and severe neuropathy). The degree of severity of diabetic neuropathy must be taken into account when analyzing diabetic patients' biomechanical patterns of locomotion; we recommend the use of a fuzzy model for classification of disease stages. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 13/05580-5 - Dynamic muscles recruitment patterns using high-density EMG of diabetic patients in different severity degrees classified by a fuzzy system
Grantee:Isabel de Camargo Neves Sacco
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 11/15770-0 - Influence of diabetes progression on dynamic recruitment patterns of muscular fibers analyzed through high density electromyography
Grantee:Marco Kenji Butugan
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master
FAPESP's process: 11/19304-4 - Influence of physical therapy intervention on foot and ankle biomechanics of gait in diabetic neuropatic individuals: a randomized controlled trial
Grantee:Cristina Dallemole Sartor
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate (Direct)