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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Pattern changes of EEG oscillations and BOLD signals associated with temporal lobe epilepsy as revealed by a working memory task

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Author(s):
Ozelo, Helka F. B. [1, 2] ; Alessio, Andrea [1, 3] ; Sercheli, Mauricio S. [1] ; Bilevicius, Elizabeth [3] ; Pedro, Tatiane [3] ; Pereira, Fabricio R. S. [4] ; Rondina, Jane M. [5] ; Damasceno, Benito P. [3] ; Cendes, Fernando [3] ; Covolan, Roberto J. M. [1, 6]
Total Authors: 10
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Estadual Campinas, UNICAMP, Gleb Wataghin Phys Inst, Neurophys Grp, Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, UFSCar, Dept Nat Sci Math & Educ, Araras - Brazil
[3] Univ Estadual Campinas, UNICAMP, Sch Med Sci, Neuroimaging Lab, Campinas, SP - Brazil
[4] Univ Montpellier I, Ctr Hosp Reg Univ, Montpellier - France
[5] UCL, Inst Neurol, Sobbel Dept Motor Neurosci & Movement Disorders, London - England
[6] Univ Estadual Campinas, Inst Fis Gleb Wataghin, BR-13083859 Campinas, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 6
Document type: Journal article
Source: BMC NEUROSCIENCE; v. 15, APR 25 2014.
Web of Science Citations: 3
Abstract

Background: It is known that the abnormal neural activity in epilepsy may be associated to the reorganization of neural circuits and brain plasticity in various ways. On that basis, we hypothesized that changes in neuronal circuitry due to epilepsy could lead to measurable variations in patterns of both EEG and BOLD signals in patients performing some cognitive task as compared to what would be obtained in normal condition. Thus, the aim of this study was to compare the cerebral areas involved in EEG oscillations versus fMRI signal patterns during a working memory (WM) task in normal controls and patients with refractory mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE) associated with hippocampal sclerosis (HS). The study included six patients with left MTLE-HS (left-HS group) and seven normal controls (control group) matched to the patients by age and educational level, both groups undergoing a blocked design paradigm based on Sternberg test during separated EEG and fMRI sessions. This test consisted of encoding and maintenance of a variable number of consonant letters on WM. Results: EEG analysis for the encoding period revealed the presence of theta and alpha oscillations in the frontal and parietal areas, respectively. Likewise, fMRI showed the co-occurrence of positive and negative BOLD signals in both brain regions. As for the maintenance period, whereas EEG analysis revealed disappearance of theta oscillation, fMRI showed decrease of positive BOLD in frontal area and increase of negative BOLD in the posterior part of the brain. Conclusions: Generally speaking, these patterns of electrophysiological and hemodynamic signals were observed for both control and left-HS groups. However, the data also revealed remarkable differences between these groups that are consistent with the hypothesis of reorganization of brain circuitry associated with epilepsy. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 12/10037-6 - Implementation of a laboratory for the study of cognitive functions, by means of neuropsychological evaluation and structural and functional neuroimaging techniques, in normal and pathological conditions (refractory epilepsies)
Grantee:Andréa Alessio Vieira Alves
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Young Researchers
FAPESP's process: 13/07559-3 - BRAINN - The Brazilian Institute of Neuroscience and Neurotechnology
Grantee:Fernando Cendes
Support type: Research Grants - Research, Innovation and Dissemination Centers - RIDC