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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Structure-Activity Association of Flavonoids in Lung Diseases

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Author(s):
Lago, Joao Henrique G. [1] ; Toledo-Arruda, Alessandra C. [2] ; Mernak, Marcia [1] ; Barrosa, Kaidu H. [1] ; Martins, Milton A. [2] ; Tiberio, Iolanda F. L. C. [2] ; Prado, Carla M. [1, 2]
Total Authors: 7
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Inst Ciencias Ambientais Quim & Farmaceut, BR-09972270 Diadema, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Med, BR-01246903 Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Review article
Source: Molecules; v. 19, n. 3, p. 3570-3595, MAR 2014.
Web of Science Citations: 48
Abstract

Flavonoids are polyphenolic compounds classified into flavonols, flavones, flavanones, isoflavones, catechins, anthocyanidins, and chalcones according to their chemical structures. They are abundantly found in Nature and over 8,000 flavonoids have from different sources, mainly plant materials, have been described. Recently reports have shown the valuable effects of flavonoids as antiviral, anti-allergic, antiplatelet, antitumor, antioxidant, and anti-inflammatory agents and interest in these compounds has been increasing since they can be helpful to human health. Several mechanisms of action are involved in the biological properties of flavonoids such as free radical scavenging, transition metal ion chelation, activation of survival genes and signaling pathways, regulation of mitochondrial function and modulation of inflammatory responses. The anti-inflammatory effects of flavonoids have been described in a number of studies in the literature, but not frequently associated to respiratory disease. Thus, this review aims to discuss the effects of different flavonoids in the control of lung inflammation in some disorders such as asthma, lung emphysema and acute respiratory distress syndrome and the possible mechanisms of action, as well as establish some structure-activity relationships between this biological potential and chemical profile of these compounds. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 11/51739-0 - Sustainable use of biodiversity in Atlantic Forest remnants in São Paulo: evaluation, isolation and molecular characterization of bioactive secondary metabolites in plant species
Grantee:João Henrique Ghilardi Lago
Support type: BIOTA-FAPESP Program - Regular Research Grants