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(Reference retrieved automatically from SciELO through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Feeding site of the spittlebug Mahanarva fimbriolata (Stål) (Hemiptera: Cercopidae) on sugarcane

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Author(s):
José Francisco Garcia ; Eliane Grisoto ; Paulo Sérgio Machado Botelho ; José Roberto Postali Parra ; Beatriz Appezzato-da-Glória
Total Authors: 5
Document type: Journal article
Source: Scientia Agricola; v. 64, n. 5, p. 555-557, Out. 2007.
Abstract

The sugarcane spittlebug Mahanarva fimbriolata (Stål) (Hemiptera: Cercopidae) is a pest of mechanically-harvested sugarcane in Brazil, when trash burning is not performed. To better understand the differences in feeding behavior of adults and nymphs of this pest and the subsequent disorders that arise, stylet penetration through fixation, staining and sectioning was investigated. Nymphs cause a "physiological disorder" damaging the tracheary system of the roots, slowing or preventing water and nutrient flow, with phloem and xylem dehydration. Nymphs insert their stylets through the epidermis, crossing the cortex, endodermis and pericycle before reaching the vascular cylinder, where they feed in the sieve-tube elements of the primary phloem. In contrast, adults feed on leaves, causing "sugarcane burn", and reducing plant photosynthesis. Adults introduce the stylets into the leaf blade through the stomata, passing the chlorophyll-bearing parenchyma cells before reaching the metaxylem in the vascular bundles. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 99/08585-9 - Evaluation and control of pests, diseases and persistence of herbicides in sugarcane agroecosystems with mechanized harvesting system, without burning
Grantee:Antonio Batista Filho
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants