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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

The role of IL-6 on apical periodontitis: a systematic review

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Author(s):
Azuma, M. M. [1] ; Samuel, R. O. [1] ; Gomes-Filho, J. E. [1] ; Dezan-Junior, E. [1] ; Cintra, L. T. A. [1]
Total Authors: 5
Affiliation:
[1] UNESP Univ Estadual Paulista, Aracatuba Dent Sch, Dept Endodont, BR-1193 Aracatuba, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 1
Document type: Review article
Source: International Endodontic Journal; v. 47, n. 7, p. 615-621, JUL 2014.
Web of Science Citations: 27
Abstract

The aim of this review was to examine current knowledge of the role of interleukin-6 (IL-6) in apical periodontitis (AP) pathogenesis as an inflammatory or pro-inflammatory cytokine. It also looked at whether IL-6 could serve as a measure for differential diagnosis or as a biomarker that can further predict the progression of bone resorption. A systematic review relating to AP and IL-6 was made via PubMed, BIOSIS, Cochrane, EMBASE and Web of Science databases using keywords and controlled vocabulary. Two independent reviewers first screened titles and abstracts and then the full texts. The reference lists of the identified publications were examined for additional titles. Eighteen papers were studied in total. In vitro studies (n = 6) revealed that IL-6 is present in AP, and its levels are proportional to the size of the periapical lesions. Neutrophils and macrophages resident in these lesions can produce IL-6 in vitro after a bacterial stimulus. Animal studies (n = 5) showed that IL-6 is present in AP and that osteoblasts can produce IL-6 in vivo. On the other hand, two studies using IL-6 knockout mice revealed larger periapical lesions when compared with control groups, demonstrating IL-6's role as an anti-inflammatory cytokine. In human studies (n = 7), IL-6 was identified in AP, and its levels were higher in symptomatic, epithelialized and large lesions than in asymptomatic and small lesions. These data lead to the conclusion that IL-6 may play a pro-inflammatory role, increasing its levels and reabsorbing bone in the presence of infections. When IL-6 is not present, other cytokines such as IL-1 and TNF-alpha induce bone resorption. Further studies about the relationship between AP development and the cytokine network must be performed to establish the exact role of each cytokine in the inflammatory process. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 12/02083-8 - Influence of pulpal infection associated with diabetes in the blood profile and, quantification of proinflammatory cytokines TNF-±, IL-6, IL-17. Microscopic analysis, blood measurement and study in organs of rats.
Grantee:Luciano Tavares Angelo Cintra
Support type: Regular Research Grants