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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Intermediate Role of Gallium in Oxidic Glasses: Solid State NMR Structural Studies of the Ga2O3-NaPO3 System

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Ren, Jinjun [1, 2] ; Eckert, Hellmut [1, 3]
Total Authors: 2
[1] Univ Munster, Inst Phys Chem, D-48149 Munster - Germany
[2] Chinese Acad Sci, Shanghai Inst Opt & Fine Mech, Key Lab Mat High Power Laser, Shanghai 201800 - Peoples R China
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Fis Sao Carlos, BR-13590 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: Journal of Physical Chemistry C; v. 118, n. 28, p. 15386-15403, JUL 17 2014.
Web of Science Citations: 17

A series of (NaPO3)(1-x)(Ga2O3)(x) glasses (0 <= x <= 0.35) prepared by conventional melt-quenching methods has been structurally characterized by various complementary high resolution one-dimensional and two-dimensional (2D) solid state magic angle spinning nuclear magnetic resonance (MAS NMR) techniques, which were validated by corresponding experiments on the crystalline model compounds GaPO4 (quartz) and Ga(PO3)(3). Alloying NaPO3 glass by Ga2O3 results in a marked increase in the glass transition temperature, similar to the effect observed with Al2O3. At the atomic level, multiple phosphate species Q(mGa)(n) (n = 0, 1, and 2; m = 0, 1, 2, and 3) can be observed. Here n denotes the number of P-O-P and m the number of P-O-Ga linkages, and (m + n <= 4). For resolved resonances, the value of n can be quantified by 2D J-resolved spectroscopy, refocused INADEQUATE, and a recently developed homonuclear dipolar recoupling method termed DQ-DRENAR (double-quantum based dipolar recoupling effects nuclear alignment reduction). Ga3+ is dominantly found in six-coordination in low-Ga glasses, whereas in glasses with x > 0.15, lower-coordinated Ga environments are increasingly favored. The connectivity between P and Ga can be assessed by heteronuclear Ga-71/P-31 dipolar recoupling experiments using Ga-71[P-31] rotational echo double resonance (REDOR) and P-31 [Ga-71] rotational echo adiabatic passage double resonance (READPOR) techniques. Up to x = 0.25, the limiting composition where this is possible, the second coordination sphere of all the gallium atoms is fully dominated by phosphorus atoms. Above x = 0.25, Ga-71 static and MAS NMR as well as REDOR experiments give clear spectroscopic evidence of Ga-O-Ga connectivity. P-31/Na-23 REDOR and REAPDOR results indicate that gallium has no dispersion effect on sodium ions in these glasses. They also indicate significant differences in the strength of dipolar interactions for distinct Q(mGa)(n) species, consistent with bond valence considerations. On the basis of these results, a comprehensive structural model is developed. This model explains the compositional trend of the glass transition temperatures in terms of the concentration of bridging oxygen species (P-O-P, P-O-Ga, and Ga-O-Ga) in these glasses. The results provide new insights into the role of Ga2O3 as an intermediate oxide, with features of both network modifier and network former in oxide glasses. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 13/07793-6 - CEPIV - Center for Teaching, Research and Innovation in Glass
Grantee:Edgar Dutra Zanotto
Support type: Research Grants - Research, Innovation and Dissemination Centers - RIDC