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The advanced manufacturing and transformations in the world of work: foundations, expectations and embates


The productive restructuring of the late twentieth century, with the expansion of lean production and the form of flexible accumulation, intensified at the beginning of the millennium and brought new transformations, expectations and struggles to the world of work. Technological innovations applied to production are gaining a new magnitude with the advancement of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) and with the possibility of connecting, integrating and interacting cyber-physical systems with sensors and artificial intelligence that guide the performance of the machinery. Called the Fourth Industrial Revolution, the potential of the new technologies that define it fuel the pretension of industrialists, entrepreneurs and researchers of technological innovation to materialize the automatic factory. This yearning has been widely diffused from the definition of Industry 4.0 concept in 2011. A transformation of this magnitude in the productive system implies profound changes in the way we think and act in work and in society, because the productive forces and processes are complex social and historical realities permeated by interests and contradictory dynamics. Therefore, this proposal aims to explore the theoretical, technical and organizational fundamentals, the expectations of the social actors directly involved (stakeholders) and the social and political conflicts related to the development process and the implementation of advanced manufacturing. (AU)

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