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Titanium alloys: phase transformations and additive manufacturing applied to obtaining functionally graded materials

Grant number: 18/18293-8
Support Opportunities:Research Projects - Thematic Grants
Duration: April 01, 2021 - March 31, 2026
Field of knowledge:Engineering - Materials and Metallurgical Engineering - Physical Metallurgy
Principal Investigator:Rubens Caram Junior
Grantee:Rubens Caram Junior
Host Institution: Faculdade de Engenharia Mecânica (FEM). Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP). Campinas , SP, Brazil
Pesquisadores principais:
Conrado Ramos Moreira Afonso
Associated researchers:Alessandra Cremasco ; Augusto Ducati Luchessi ; João Batista Fogagnolo ; Juliano Soyama ; Kaio Niitsu Campo ; Rodrigo José Contieri
Associated grant(s):21/03249-6 - Multi-user Equipment approved in grant 2018/18293-8: Additive Manufacturing Machine, AP.EMU
21/03252-7 - Multi-user Equipment approved in grant 2018/18293-8: Thermal Analyzer, AP.EMU
21/03494-0 - Multi-user Equipment approved in grant 2018/18293-8: High Temperature Dilatometer, AP.EMU
Associated scholarship(s):23/13766-3 - Comparison of Printing Strategies in In-Situ Alloying through Laser Additive Manufacturing of Ti-15Nb Alloy with Low Elastic Modulus., BP.IC
23/04844-0 - MANUFACTURE OF COMPONENTS WITH FUNCTIONAL GRADIENTS BY DEPOSITION, BP.PD
22/16254-0 - Characterization of hybrid joints formed by metallic inserts made of Ti alloys and polylactic acid (PLA) obtained by injection overmolding, BP.IC
+ associated scholarships 22/11661-7 - MICROSTRUCTURE EVOLUTION IN Ti-15Nb ALLOYS PREPARED BY ARC MELTING AND ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING, BP.IC
22/10350-8 - Mechanical properties modulation of components for implant via additive manufacturing of Ti alloys, BP.DD
22/10049-6 - Obtaining materials with controlled stiffness by additive manufacturing and heat treatments, BP.DD
22/09963-5 - Microstructure Optimization in Ti Alloys Processed by Additive Manufacturing using Powder Bed Fusion (PBF), BP.TT
21/06156-9 - Alfa phase nucleation in metastable beta Ti-Nb-Fe-Sn alloy: intergranular and intragranular precipitation mechanisms, BP.DR
21/03865-9 - Influence of surface modifications on bioactivity and (tribo) corrosion of beta Ti-Nb-(Zr) alloys with low elastic modulus for application as implant, BP.PD
21/12537-5 - Determination of beta transus temperature and its application to alloys in the Ti-Nb-Fe-Sn system, BP.IC - associated scholarships

Abstract

The goal of this proposal is to investigate physical metallurgy and additive manufacturing of titanium alloys aiming to produce structural materials with graded properties. Ti and its alloys exhibit a wide range of interesting properties, particularly high mechanical strength-to-weight ratio, high corrosion resistance and unique biocompatibility. Their mechanical behavior depends directly on precipitation of stable and metastable phases, which allows adjusting properties according to specific application. Currently, the processing of Ti and its alloys has experienced exceptional development as a result of application of new technologies associated with additive manufacturing. The present research project intends to examine relevant topics related to Ti alloys, such as (I) phase transformations in Ti alloys; (II) additive manufacturing of Ti alloys and (III) preparation of functionally graded materials. A strategy to be employed will involve the development of new metastable beta type Ti alloys and investigation of their phase transformations, workability and properties. The alloys design will be based on thermodynamic simulation of phase diagrams, while preparation of alloys will involve arc melting and additive manufacturing. Ti alloys processing will include thermo-mechanical treatments for alpha phase precipitation using two routes: homogeneous nucleation based on pseudo-spinodal decomposition or heterogeneous nucleation assisted by omega phase. Phase transformations and additive manufacturing concepts will be applied in obtaining functionally graded materials based on Ti alloys. It is intended to apply advanced characterization techniques of samples, in particular transmission electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction at high temperatures. The work team is made up of experienced researchers in the topics covered as well as by young researchers. At the end of this work, it is expected to obtain knowledge that contributes to the increasing use of Ti in applications with high scientific and technological density, in particular, of new Ti alloys for load-bearing applications in several industrial sectors, and mainly, to the development of human resource competencies in Ti alloys and additive manufacturing of metallic materials. (AU)

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VEICULO: TITULO (DATA)
VEICULO: TITULO (DATA)

Scientific publications (22)
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
DA COSTA, FERNANDO HENRIQUE; SALLICA-LEVA, EDWIN; MELLO, MARIANA GERARDI; AMIGO, VICENTE; CARAM, RUBENS; FOGAGNOLO, JOAO BATISTA. Stiffness and hardness gradients obtained by laser surface treatment of aged 13-Ti alloys: The role of co phase. SURFACE & COATINGS TECHNOLOGY, v. 467, p. 9-pg., . (18/18293-8)
RIOS, JULIANA; SANTINI, VICTOR N.; PEREIRA, KARINA D.; LUCHESSI, AUGUSTO D.; LOPES, EDER S. N.; CARAM, RUBENS; CREMASCO, ALESSANDRA. Self-organized TiO2 nanotubes on Ti-Nb-Fe alloys for biomedical applications: Synthesis and characterization. Electrochemistry Communications, v. 138, p. 10-pg., . (14/00159-2, 18/18293-8, 19/06951-3)
WISCHI, M.; CAMPO, K. N.; STARCK, L. F.; DA FONSECA, E. B.; LOPES, E. S. N.; CARAM, R.. Microstructure and mechanical behavior of the directionally solidified AlCoCrFeNi2.1 eutectic high-entropy alloy. JOURNAL OF MATERIALS RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGY-JMR&T, v. 20, p. 10-pg., . (18/18293-8, 18/10190-5)
STARCK, LETICIA F.; SANGALI, MARCIO; DE MELO, MARIA F. C.; OPINI, VICTOR C.; LOPES, EDER S. N.; CARAM, RUBENS. Enhancing fine-scale a phase precipitation and mechanical behavior by addition of Cu to metastable β Ti-5553 alloy. Materials Letters, v. 351, p. 5-pg., . (18/18293-8)
KURODA, PEDRO AKIRA BAZAGLIA; ROSSI, MARIANA CORREA; GRANDINI, CARLOS ROBERTO; AFONSO, CONRADO RAMOS MOREIRA. Assessment of applied voltage on the structure, pore size, hardness, elastic modulus, and adhesion of anodic coatings in Ca-, P-, and Mg-rich produced by MAO in Ti-25Ta-Zr alloys. JOURNAL OF MATERIALS RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGY-JMR&T, v. 26, p. 14-pg., . (18/18293-8, 19/26517-6)
SANGALI, MARCIO; CREMASCO, ALESSANDRA; SOYAMA, JULIANO; CARAM, RUBENS; CONTIERI, RODRIGO J.. Selective Laser Melting of Ti-6Al-4V Alloy: Correlation Between Processing Parameters, Microstructure and Corrosion Properties. MATERIALS RESEARCH-IBERO-AMERICAN JOURNAL OF MATERIALS, v. 26, p. 9-pg., . (18/18293-8)
STARCK, LETICIA F.; DE MELO, MARIA FERNANDA C.; LANCINI, ISABELLA C.; DA SILVA, MARCIO S. C.; RODRIGUES, JOAO FELIPE Q.; CREMASCO, ALESSANDRA; CARAM, RUBENS. Intergranular and Intragranular Precipitation on Continuous Cooling in Metastable & beta; Ti-19Nb-2.5Fe-6Sn Alloy. MATERIALS RESEARCH-IBERO-AMERICAN JOURNAL OF MATERIALS, v. 26, p. 7-pg., . (18/18293-8)
OPINI, VICTOR CARVALHO; FOGAGNOLO, JOAO BATISTA; BORRAS, VICENTE AMIGO; CARAM, RUBENS; SOYAMA, JULIANO. Powder metallurgy processing of Nb-modified near beta titanium alloys prepared with elemental powders. POWDER METALLURGY, v. N/A, p. 7-pg., . (18/18293-8)
ROMERO-RESENDIZ, L.; ROSSI, M. C.; SEGUI-ESQUEMBRE, C.; AMIGO-BORRAS, V. Development of a porous Ti-35Nb-5In alloy with low elastic modulus for biomedical implants. JOURNAL OF MATERIALS RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGY-JMR&T, v. 22, p. 14-pg., . (18/18293-8, 21/03865-9)
KURODA, PEDRO A. B.; DOS SANTOS, RAFAEL F. M.; ROSSI, MARIANA C.; CORREA, DIEGO R. N.; GRANDINI, CARLOS R.; AFONSO, CONRADO R. M.. Influence of Zr addition in β Ti-25Ta-xZr alloys on oxide formation by MAO-treatment. VACUUM, v. 217, p. 12-pg., . (21/03865-9, 18/18293-8, 19/26517-6)
KURODA, PEDRO AKIRA BAZAGLIA; DE MATTOS, FELYPE NARCISO; GRANDINI, CARLOS ROBERTO; AFONSO, CONRADO RAMOS MOREIRA. Influence of the heat treatment temperature on the MAO coating produced in the Ti-25Ta-25Zr alloy. JOURNAL OF MATERIALS RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGY-JMR&T, v. 26, p. 12-pg., . (18/18293-8, 19/26517-6)
KURODA, PEDRO AKIRA BAZAGLIA; GRANDINI, CARLOS ROBERTO; AFONSO, CONRADO RAMOS MOREIRA. Surface Characterization of New beta Ti-25Ta-Zr-Nb Alloys Modified by Micro-Arc Oxidation. MATERIALS, v. 16, n. 6, p. 12-pg., . (18/18293-8, 19/26517-6)
LETICIA F. STARCK; MARIA FERNANDA C. DE MELO; ISABELLA C. LANCINI; MARCIO S.C. DA SILVA; JOÃO FELIPE Q. RODRIGUES; ALESSANDRA CREMASCO; RUBENS CARAM. Intergranular and Intragranular Precipitation on Continuous Cooling in Metastable β Ti-19Nb-2.5Fe-6Sn Alloy. MATERIALS RESEARCH-IBERO-AMERICAN JOURNAL OF MATERIALS, v. 26, . (18/18293-8)
DE FREITAS, CAIO CHAUSSE; CARAM, RUBENS; CAMPO, KAIO NIITSU. Semisolid deformation behavior and processing of CoCrCuxFeNi high-entropy alloys. INTERMETALLICS, v. 150, p. 4-pg., . (18/18293-8, 18/10190-5)
DOS SANTOS, RAFAEL FORMENTON; ROSSI, MARIANA CORREA; VIDILLI, ANDRE LUIZ; BORRAS, VICENTE AMIGO; AFONSO, CONRADO RAMOS MOREIRA. Assessment of b stabilizers additions on microstructure and properties of as-cast b Ti-Nb based alloys. JOURNAL OF MATERIALS RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGY-JMR&T, v. 22, p. 14-pg., . (18/18293-8, 21/11537-1, 21/03865-9)
PEDRO AKIRA BAZAGLIA KURODA; CARLOS ROBERTO GRANDINI; CONRADO RAMOS MOREIRA AFONSO. Structural Characterization of the Hot-rolled Ti-25Ta-xZr Alloys by Rietveld Method. MATERIALS RESEARCH-IBERO-AMERICAN JOURNAL OF MATERIALS, v. 26, . (19/26517-6, 18/18293-8)
MANSO GONCALVES, VINICIUS RICHIERI; NESPEQUE CORREA, DIEGO RAFAEL; GRANDINI, CARLOS ROBERTO; FONZAR PINTAO, CARLOS ALBERTO; MOREIRA AFONSO, CONRADO RAMOS; LISBOA FILHO, PAULO NORONHA. Assessment of improved tribocorrosion in novel in-situ Ti and ? Ti-40Nb alloy matrix composites produced with NbC addition during arc-melting for biomedical applications. Materials Chemistry and Physics, v. 301, p. 12-pg., . (15/50280-5, 18/18293-8)
SANGALI, MARCIO; OPINI, VICTOR C.; FATICHI, ALBERTO Z.; MELLO, MARIANA G.; FANTON, LEONARDO; CARAM, RUBENS; CREMASCO, ALESSANDRA. Nb modified Ti-5553 alloy: Effects of heating rate on mechanical properties, corrosion behavior, and crystallographic texture. JOURNAL OF MATERIALS RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGY-JMR&T, v. 23, p. 8-pg., . (14/00159-2, 18/18293-8)
KURODA, PEDRO AKIRA BAZAGLIA; DE MATTOS, FELYPE NARCISO; GRANDINI, CARLOS ROBERTO; AFONSO, CONRADO RAMOS MOREIRA. Effect of heat treatment on the phases, pore size, roughness, wettability, hardness, adhesion, and wear of Ti-25Ta MAO coatings for use as biomaterials. Journal of Materials Science, v. N/A, p. 14-pg., . (18/18293-8, 19/26517-6)
DE LIMA, DALTON DANIEL; CAMPO, KAIO NIITSU; CARAM, RUBENS. Coupling thermodynamic simulation and thermal analysis to select Sn-Bi alloys for semisolid additive manufacturing. JOURNAL OF THERMAL ANALYSIS AND CALORIMETRY, v. 148, n. 18, p. 11-pg., . (18/18293-8)
RAFAEL FORMENTON MACEDO DOS SANTOS; PEDRO AKIRA BAZAGLIA KURODA; CAROLINA NEVES REIS; CONRADO RAMOS MOREIRA AFONSO. Influence of Hot Rolling on β Ti-Nb-Zr(-Ta) Multiprincipal Alloys for Biomedical Application. MATERIALS RESEARCH-IBERO-AMERICAN JOURNAL OF MATERIALS, v. 26, . (20/12431-0, 18/18293-8, 19/26517-6)
DOS SANTOS, RAFAEL FORMENTON MACEDO; REIS, CAROLINA NEVES; AFONSO, CONRADO RAMOS MOREIRA. Influence of Zr Content in Ti-40Nb-xZr Alloys on the Microstruture, Elastic Modulus and Microhardness. MATERIALS RESEARCH-IBERO-AMERICAN JOURNAL OF MATERIALS, v. 26, p. 6-pg., . (18/18293-8, 20/12431-0)

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