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The effects of Guri Santa Marcelina Program on social and cognitive abilities of children exposed to Guri Santa Marcelina Program at Greater São Paulo: a quasi-experimental study

Grant number: 19/02133-4
Support type:Research Grants - Research in Public Policies
Duration: September 01, 2019 - August 31, 2022
Field of knowledge:Linguistics, Literature and Arts - Arts - Music
Principal researcher:Graziela Bortz
Grantee:Graziela Bortz
Home Institution: Instituto de Artes (IA). Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP). Campus de São Paulo. São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Assoc. researchers:Andrea Parolin Jackowski ; Beatriz Ilari ; Hugo Cogo Moreira ; Nayana Di Giuseppe Germano ; Patrícia Silva Lúcio
Associated scholarship(s):22/03536-8 - The effects of Guri Santa Marcelina Program on social and cognitive abilities of children exposed to Guri Santa Marcelina Program at Greater São Paulo: a quasi-experimental study, BP.TT
22/01294-7 - The effects of Guri Santa Marcelina Program on social and cognitive abilities of children exposed to Guri Santa Marcelina Program at Greater São Paulo: a quasi-experimental study, BP.TT
22/01273-0 - The effects of Guri Santa Marcelina Program on social and cognitive abilities of children exposed to Guri Santa Marcelina Program at Greater São Paulo: a quasi-experimental study, BP.TT
+ associated scholarships 22/01277-5 - The effects of Guri Santa Marcelina Program on social and cognitive abilities of children exposed to Guri Santa Marcelina Program at Greater São Paulo: a quasi-experimental study, BP.TT
22/01279-8 - The effects of Guri Santa Marcelina Program on social and cognitive abilities of children exposed to Guri Santa Marcelina Program at Greater São Paulo: a quasi-experimental study, BP.TT
22/01272-3 - The effects of Guri Santa Marcelina Program on social and cognitive abilities of children exposed to Guri Santa Marcelina Program at Greater São Paulo: a quasi-experimental study, BP.TT
19/22149-2 - The effects of Guri Santa Marcelina Program on social and cognitive abilities of children exposed to Guri Santa Marcelina Program at Greater São Paulo: a quasi-experimental study, BP.TT
19/26331-0 - The effects of Guri Santa Marcelina Program on social and cognitive abilities of children exposed to Guri Santa Marcelina program at greater Sao Paulo: a quasi-experimental study, BP.TT
19/26370-5 - The effects of Guri Santa Marcelina program on social and cognitive abilities of children exposed to Guri Santa Marcelina program at greater Sao Paulo: a quasi-experimental study, BP.TT
19/26407-6 - The effects of Guri Santa Marcelina program on social and cognitive abilities of children exposed to Guri Santa Marcelina program at greater Sao Paulo: a quasi-experimental study, BP.TT
19/22068-2 - The effects of Guri Santa Marcelina Program on social and cognitive abilities of children exposed to Guri Santa Marcelina Program at Greater São Paulo: a quasi-experimental study, BP.TT
19/22416-0 - The effects of Guri Santa Marcelina Program on social and cognitive abilities of children exposed to Guri Santa Marcelina Program at Greater São Paulo: a quasi-experimental study, BP.TT
19/22557-3 - The effects of Guri Santa Marcelina Program on social and cognitive abilities of children exposed to Guri Santa Marcelina Program at Greater São Paulo: a quasi-experimental study, BP.TT
19/22272-9 - The effects of Guri Santa Marcelina Program on social and cognitive abilities of children exposed to Guri Santa Marcelina Program at Greater São Paulo: a quasi-experimental study, BP.TT - associated scholarships

Abstract

The question raised at this work is: how can participation at Guri Santa Marcelina Program interfere with the development of social skills, cognitive abilities and brain structure in 6 to 7 year-old children? Among the observational studies used in health research, the quasi-experimental design verifies the causal relationship between the exposure to a situation and the prognosis of an outcome. It has been widely used in research in situations where conducting a randomized control study would be unethical. This study will be used here, for issues inherent in the Program enrollment process, prospectively throughout the 2020 school year, when the data of the internal group (50 children) exposed to the Program and the control group (100 children, of which 50 randomized to MRI), to measure, through this observation, the effects that the predictor (being exposed to the Program) causes on the outcome variable (social, cognitive and changes in brain structure). Parents or guardians will sign the Free and Informed Consent Form at the time of enrollment. The objectives of this research are: 1) to evaluate the social effects of the Guri Santa Marcelina Program of the Culture Department of the State of São Paulo in children aged 6 and 7 years in the communities served by the program through the ABEP economic classification criteria (2018); the SDQ questionnaire (Goodman & Goodman, 2011) of abilities and difficulties, the Aggressive and Reactive Behavior Questionnaire between Peers (Q-CARP; Borsa & Bandeira, 2014), verbal work memory (WISC-IV) and sustained BPA (Rueda, 2013) and Raven's Colored Matrices test (Raven, Raven, & Court, 2003); 2) to observe possible structural changes in the brains of children exposed to the intervention of the Guri Santa Marcelina Program in children of 6 and 7 years using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Results of the research conducted on programs inspired by the Venezuelan project based on orchestral music teaching known as El Sistema presented significant improvement in students' academic performance when compared to the cognitive (Habibi et al. 2016), emotional and musical partner (Ilari et al., 2016). Similar results in a study conducted by Alemán et al. (2016) corroborate the behavioral benefits of children exposed to social vulnerabilities. In Brazil, although there are several social projects of music education (Social Action for Music of Brazil - ASMB in Chapéu Mangueira, German, Macacos, Cidade de Deus, Piraí, João Pessoa, Rondônia, Neojibá, Bahia, Guri Project, inland and littoral in the state of São Paulo, and the Guri Santa Marcelina in Greater São Paulo), there are no quantitative studies or studies that have used imaging tests to measure the prognosis that exposure to social programs focusing on musical education presented as an outcome. (AU)

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Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
GERMANO, NAYANA DI GIUSEPPE; COGO-MOREIRA, HUGO; COUTINHO-LOURENCO, FAUSTO; BORTZ, GRAZIELA. A new approach to measuring absolute pitch on a psychometric theory of isolated pitch perception: Is it disentangling specific groups or capturing a continuous ability?. PLoS One, v. 16, n. 2 FEB 22 2021. Web of Science Citations: 0.

Please report errors in scientific publications list by writing to: cdi@fapesp.br.