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Advanced second generation biofuels laboratory

Abstract

In this project, the formation of an Advanced Second Generation (A2G) Biofuels lab based at the University of Campinas is proposed. The mission of the A2G lab is to develop and enable deployment of disruptive 2G technology for sustainable production of bioethanol from sugar cane and energy cane at much lower cost than today's technology. The central focus of the A2G lab is a new paradigm for 2G biofuel production, involving: a) one-step Consolidated Bioprocessing (CBP) of cellulosic biomass without added enzymes using engineered thermophilic bacteria in lieu of added fungal cellulase and yeast, and b) milling during fermentation (cotreatment) in lieu of thermochemical pretreatment. This paradigm is supported by recent research results, including: demonstration that C. thermocellum, a thermophilic, anaerobic bacterium, is decisively more effective at biomass deconstruction than commercial fungal cellulase under a broad range of conditions; demonstration that cotreatment allows C. thermocellum cultures to achieve nearly complete solubilization of the carbohydrate present in several 2G feedstocks; technoeconomic analysis indicating that an advanced scenario featuring CBP with cotreatment, C-CBP, has an 8-fold shorter payback period compared to a current technology base case featuring thermochemical pretreatment and added fungal cellulase. Advancement of C-CBP will be pursued in the context of two focus areas, one addressing microbial cellulose utilization and one addressing Biotechnology. A Sustainability focus area is also included addressing technoeconomic analysis, land management and greenhouse gas emissions, and social aspects. Our efforts in the sustainability domain will consider the impact and costs of bioenergy deployment with intent to achieve beneficial environmental and social outcomes. The A2G lab is to be directed by Professor Lee Lynd of Dartmouth College, and supported by a leadership team consisting of a to-be-named Assistant Director based at Unicamp, and focus area leaders Evert Holwerda (microbial cellulose utilization), Dan Olson (biotechnology), and Eleanor Campbell (sustainability). Microbial cellulose utilization work will be allied with the Faculty of Chemical Engineering (FEQ). Biotechnology work will be allied with the Center for Molecular Biology and Genetic Engineering (CBMEG). Sustainability work will be allied with the Faculty of Agricultural Engineering (FEAGRI). Research personnel will be cosupervised by a member of the leadership team or an international associated investigator along with a Brazilian associated investigator. A committee with significant industrial representation will advise the A2G lab. Communication modalities to ensure smooth operation and integration are anticipated. Anticipated outcomes resulting from establishment of the A2G lab as proposed herein include: Unicamp and FAPESP becoming full partners in a multi-institutional, bi-hemispheric research and development effort aimed at a potentially transformative 2G processing paradigm; prominent research in microbial biotechnology, metabolic engineering, and microbial cellulose utilization based at CBMEG and FEQ, substantially strengthening capability in these areas both within Unicamp and Brazil at large; initiation of promising new research directions in the sustainability domain, complementing existing strength at Unicamp and in Brazil and laying a foundation for future initiatives; a substantial network of new international research collaborations at both individual and institutional levels. (AU)

Articles published in Agência FAPESP Newsletter about the research grant:
Un estudio confirma el aporte de la bioenergía a la mitigación de los cambios climáticos 
Study confirms contribution of bioenergy to climate change mitigation 
Estudo aponta estratégia para mitigar a mudança no clima por meio da adoção de biocombustíveis 
Articles published in other media outlets (57 total):
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UOL: Biocombustíveis podem reduzir a mudança no clima (11/Sep/2020)
Advanced Biofuels USA: Dartmouth Professor Selected to Be Director of New Brazilian A2G Biofuel Laboratory (15/Jul/2021)
Ethanol Producer Magazine: Dartmouth professor selected to direct new Brazilian biofuels lab (15/Jul/2021)
AzoCleantech.com (Austrália): Dartmouth Professor Selected to be Director of New Brazilian A2G Biofuel Laboratory (14/Jul/2021)
Scienmag Science Magazine (Reino Unido): Dartmouth Engineering professor selected to direct new Brazilian biofuels lab (13/Jul/2021)
7thSpace: Dartmouth Engineering professor selected to direct new Brazilian biofuels lab (13/Jul/2021)
Zedd Brasil: Professor de engenharia de Dartmouth selecionado para liderar o novo laboratório brasileiro de biocombustíveis (13/Jul/2021)
Dartmouth Engineering (EUA): Dartmouth Engineering Professor to Direct Brazilian Biofuels Lab (13/Jul/2021)
International Service for the Acquisition of Agri-biotech Applications (Filipinas): International Research Group Confirms Contribution of Bioenergy to Climate Change Mitigation (25/Nov/2020)
sots123.com (China): Study confirms contribution of bioenergy to climate change mitigation (21/Nov/2020)
AZo Life Sciences: Study highlights factors and strategies to implement sustainable biofuel production (20/Nov/2020)
Farms (Canadá): Study Confirms Contribution of Bioenergy to Climate Change Mitigation (19/Nov/2020)
Advanced Biofuels USA: Study Confirms Contribution of Bioenergy to Climate Change Mitigation (19/Nov/2020)
WUWT - Watts Up With That? (EUA): Claim: Study confirms contribution of bioenergy to climate change mitigation (19/Nov/2020)
Iowa Climate Science Education (EUA): Claim: Study confirms contribution of bioenergy to climate change mitigation (19/Nov/2020)
Scientific Inquirer (EUA): Bioenergy can play an important role in fighting climate change (19/Nov/2020)
Nestia (Singapura): Study confirms contribution of bioenergy to climate change mitigation (19/Nov/2020)
AZo Life Sciences: Study Shows Climate Change Mitigation Potential of Bioenergy Systems (19/Nov/2020)
Physics Everywhere: Study confirms contribution of bioenergy to climate change mitigation (19/Nov/2020)
The Shepherd of the Hills Gazette (EUA) online: Declare: Research confirms contribution of bioenergy to local weather change mitigation (19/Nov/2020)
Flowing News (Índia): Claim: Study Confirms Contribution Of Bioenergy To Climate Change Mitigation (19/Nov/2020)
Environmental News Network (EUA): Study confirms contribution of bioenergy to climate change mitigation (18/Nov/2020)
Phys.Org (Reino Unido): Study confirms contribution of bioenergy to climate change mitigation (18/Nov/2020)
Bioengineer (Reino Unido): Study confirms contribution of bioenergy to climate change mitigation (18/Nov/2020)
Science Codex: Study confirms contribution of bioenergy to climate change mitigation (18/Nov/2020)
Mother Nature: Study Confirms Contribution of Bioenergy to Climate Change Mitigation (18/Nov/2020)
Scienmag Science Magazine (Reino Unido): Study confirms contribution of bioenergy to climate change mitigation (18/Nov/2020)
Brightsurf: Study confirms contribution of bioenergy to climate change mitigation (18/Nov/2020)
7thSpace: Study confirms contribution of bioenergy to climate change mitigation (18/Nov/2020)
Knowledia (França): Study confirms contribution of bioenergy to climate change mitigation (18/Nov/2020)
QNewsHub (Índia): Study confirms contribution of bioenergy to climate change mitigation (18/Nov/2020)
Ilu Ilu News (Índia): Study confirms contribution of bioenergy to climate change mitigation (18/Nov/2020)
Corzamacentlund: Study confirms contribution of bioenergy to climate change mitigation (18/Nov/2020)
CeiseBr - Centro Nacional das Indústrias do Setor Sucroenergético e Biocombustíveis: Estudo aponta estratégia para mitigar a mudança no clima por meio da adoção de biocombustíveis (18/Sep/2020)
NovaCana: Estudo aponta estratégia para mitigar mudança no clima com o uso de biocombustíveis (17/Sep/2020)
Secretaria da Educação do Estado de São Paulo: Estudo aponta estratégia para abrandar mudança no clima com adoção de biocombustíveis (17/Sep/2020)
Gestão Ambiental: Estudo aponta estratégia para mitigar a mudança no clima por meio da adoção de biocombustíveis (17/Sep/2020)
Notícias de Campinas: Estudo aponta estratégia para abrandar mudança no clima com adoção de biocombustíveis (16/Sep/2020)
Saber Atualizado: Biocombustíveis podem ser uma arma contra o Aquecimento Global Antropogênico (16/Sep/2020)
ABIPTI - Associação Brasileira das Instituições de Pesquisa Tecnológica e Inovação: Estudo aponta estratégia para mitigar a mudança no clima por meio da adoção de biocombustíveis (16/Sep/2020)
Beto Ribeiro Repórter: Estudo aponta estratégia para abrandar mudança no clima com adoção de biocombustíveis (15/Sep/2020)
Portal do Governo do Estado de São Paulo: Estudo aponta estratégia para abrandar mudança no clima com adoção de biocombustíveis (14/Sep/2020)
Região Noroeste : Adoção de biocombustíveis pode abrandar mudança no clima (14/Sep/2020)
Envolverde: Estudo aponta estratégia para mitigar a mudança no clima por meio da adoção de biocombustíveis (14/Sep/2020)
Canal – Jornal da Bioenergia online: Estudo aponta estratégia para mitigar a mudança no clima por meio da adoção de biocombustíveis (14/Sep/2020)
Revista Analytica online: Estudo mostra possível estratégia para mitigar a mudança do clima por meio de biocombustíveis (14/Sep/2020)
Notícia de Limeira: Estudo aponta estratégia para abrandar mudança no clima com adoção de biocombustíveis (14/Sep/2020)
Amazonas 1: Estudo aponta estratégia para mitigar a mudança no clima por meio da adoção de biocombustíveis (13/Sep/2020)
Espaço Ecológico no Ar: Estudo aponta estratégia para mitigar a mudança no clima por meio da adoção de biocombustíveis (12/Sep/2020)
MT HOJE: Estudo aponta estratégia para mitigar a mudança no clima por meio da adoção de biocombustíveis (12/Sep/2020)
Auto Informe: Biocombustíveis podem reduzir a mudança no clima (11/Sep/2020)
Revista Amazônia: Estudo aponta estratégia para mitigar a mudança no clima por meio da adoção de biocombustíveis (11/Sep/2020)
ECOinforme : Biocombustíveis podem reduzir a mudança no clima (11/Sep/2020)
JC Notícias (São Paulo, SP): Estudo aponta estratégia para mitigar a mudança no clima por meio da adoção de biocombustíveis (11/Sep/2020)
Blog Jornal da Mulher: Estudo aponta estratégia para mitigar a mudança no clima por meio da adoção de biocombustíveis (11/Sep/2020)
Portal Neo Mondo: Estudo aponta estratégia para mitigar a mudança no clima por meio da adoção de biocombustíveis (11/Sep/2020)
Jornal Integração: Adoção de biocombustíveis pode mitigar mudanças climáticas (11/Sep/2020)