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From excitons waves to THz-phonons: 2Ds materials nano-optics via synchrotron infrared nanospectroscopy

Grant number: 19/14017-9
Support Opportunities:Research Grants - Young Investigators Grants
Duration: November 01, 2020 - October 31, 2024
Field of knowledge:Physical Sciences and Mathematics - Physics - Condensed Matter Physics
Principal Investigator:Raul de Oliveira Freitas
Grantee:Raul de Oliveira Freitas
Host Institution: Centro Nacional de Pesquisa em Energia e Materiais (CNPEM). Ministério da Ciência, Tecnologia e Inovação (Brasil). Campinas , SP, Brazil
Associated researchers:Francisco Carlos Barbosa Maia ; Helio Cesar Nogueira Tolentino ; Ingrid David Barcelos ; Narcizo Marques de Souza Neto
Associated grant(s):23/05339-8 - Nanophotonics of 2D Materials (N2D 2023), AR.EXT
22/14245-4 - SONATA: synchrotron nanoscale imaging and spectroscopy of twisted graphene, AP.R SPRINT
22/11987-0 - Multi-user equipment approved in grant 2019/14017-9: custom s-SNOM nanoscope optimized for operation with IR-THZ synchrotron, AP.EMU
22/05457-8 - The 16th International Conference on Near-Field Optics, Nanophotonics and Related Techniques, AR.EXT
21/10487-0 - Multi-user equipment approved in grant 2019/14017-9: mid-IR-VIS illumination units for synchrotron s-SNOM, AP.EMU
Associated scholarship(s):23/09839-5 - Natural topological transitions and Luttinger-liquid plasmons in two-dimensional WTe2 crystals in the Terahertz range, BP.PD
23/11606-9 - Numerical modeling of nanophotonic phenomena in 2D materials in support of IR-THz near-field nanoscopy, BP.MS
23/09372-0 - Synchrotron terahertz nanospectroscopy: experimental development and application in nanostructured materials, BP.DD
22/12357-0 - Design and fabrication of nanostructures for analysis via s-SNOM in the infrared and terahertz ranges, BP.IC
20/15740-3 - Nanophotonics of low-dimensional semiconductor oxides in the infrared and terahertz regimes, BP.DR


Superconductivity in atomically thin topological insulators, ferromagnetism in van der Waals crystals and magical angles regulating high TC superconductivity in graphene twisted bilayers are extraordinary discoveries that have, surprisingly, occurred just in the last 2 years. This type of advance has been routine in the last decade as a consequence of the impact of the discovery of graphene and of other two-dimensional materials (2Ds). In the context of new 2D materials and the new physics revealed by these quantum platforms, a variety of phenomena occur in the energy range of a few meV (frequencies of some terahertz), are spatially confined in nanometric volumes and have temporal dynamics from femto to picoseconds. In this parameters space, there are no available experiments capable of accessing these new phenomena in their fullness. This research project is aimed at the development of a pioneering instrumentation that will combine broadband synchrotron radiation in the infrared (IR) and THz (IMBUIA beamline of Sirius) with narrowband lasers in the range of the far-IR to visible in the experiment of scattering Scanning Near-field Optical Microscopy (s-SNOM), an ultramicroscopy modality beyond the classical diffraction limit of light. The project also aims to provide access to ultrafast phenomena in these 2Ds through pump and probe experiments by combining the few picoseconds wide pulse from Sirius with ultrashort pulses from narrow band lasers tunable from the visible to the THz ranges. Given the low energy of these phenomena, the experimental development also predicts the implementation of a cryogenic stage up to 20 K. The experimental development has the scientific target of studying local dielectric properties of 2D materials in general, with special attention to open questions involving nanophotonic properties of systems based on graphene/hexagonal Boron Nitride and Phonon-polaritons waves in Transition Metals Dichalcogenides. The project will be a milestone for the establishment of a new research group on the theme of nano-optics of 2D materials using synchrotron s-SNOM and will put Brazil at the forefront of this instrumental modality, since there are no records of s-SNOM experiments operating in mode of spectroscopy in the range of THz with spatial resolution of a few nanometers. The execution of the proposal will involve the training of 3 students and will count on the performance of 2 associated researchers, 1 post-doc and 2 physical engineers of CNPEM. The project also foresees an expressive improvement in the sensitivity of the s-SNOM technique, which will enable its application in several other disciplines, serving the LNLS multiuser community promptly. During the transition period for the new Sirius accelerator (2019 to 2021), the laser sources requested in this proposal will partially meet the demands of this LNLS user program. (AU)

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Scientific publications (13)
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
MAYER, RAFAEL A.; FERES, FLAVIO H.; FREITAS, RAUL O.; IEEE. Synchrotron infrared nanospectroscopy as a game changer in nanophotonics. 2021 SBFOTON INTERNATIONAL OPTICS AND PHOTONICS CONFERENCE (SBFOTON IOPC), v. N/A, p. 6-pg., . (19/14017-9)
BARCELOS, INGRID D.; CANASSA, THALITA A.; MAYER, RAFAEL A.; FERES, FLAVIO H.; DE OLIVEIRA, EYNARA G.; GONCALVES, ALEM-MAR B.; BECHTEL, HANS A.; FREITAS, RAUL O.; MAIA, FRANCISCO C. B.; ALVES, DIEGO C. B.. ltrabroadband Nanocavity of Hyperbolic Phonon-Polaritons in 1D-Like alpha-MoO. ACS PHOTONICS, v. 8, n. 10, p. 3017-3026, . (20/15740-3, 19/14017-9)
GOBATO, Y. GALVAO; DE BRITO, C. SERATI; CHAVES, A.; PROSNIKOV, M. A.; WOZNIAK, T.; GUO, SHI; BARCELOS, INGRID D.; V. MILOSEVIC, M.; WITHERS, F.; CHRISTIANEN, P. C. M.. Distinctive g-Factor of Moire-Confined Excitons in van der Waals Heterostructures. Nano Letters, v. 22, n. 21, p. 6-pg., . (18/01808-5, 14/07375-2, 19/14017-9, 15/13771-0, 19/23488-5)
GRASSESCHI, D.; BAHAMON, D. A.; MAIA, F. C. B.; BARCELOS, I. D.; FREITAS, R. O.; DE MATOS, C. J. S.. an der Waals materials as dielectric layers for tailoring the near-field photonic response of surface. Optics Express, v. 30, n. 1, p. 255-264, . (12/50259-8, 18/25339-4, 19/14017-9, 15/10405-3, 15/11779-4)
DE OLIVEIRA, RAPHAELA; CADORE, ALISSON R.; FREITAS, RAUL O.; BARCELOS, INGRID D.. Review on infrared nanospectroscopy of natural 2D phyllosilicates. JOURNAL OF THE OPTICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA A-OPTICS IMAGE SCIENCE AND VISION, v. 40, n. 4, p. 12-pg., . (19/14017-9)
FERES, FLAVIO H.; BARCELOS, INGRID D.; CADORE, ALISSON R.; WEHMEIER, LUKAS; NOERENBERG, TOBIAS; MAYER, RAFAEL A.; FREITAS, RAUL O.; ENG, LUKAS M.; KEHR, SUSANNE C.; MAIA, FRANCISCO C. B.. Graphene Nano-Optics in the Terahertz Gap. Nano Letters, v. 23, n. 9, p. 8-pg., . (22/11987-0, 22/02901-4, 19/14017-9, 21/10487-0)
COSTA, FABIO J. R.; BRITO, THIAGO G-L; BARCELOS, INGRID D.; ZAGONEL, LUIZ FERNANDO. Impacts of dielectric screening on the luminescence of monolayer WSe2. Nanotechnology, v. 34, n. 38, p. 10-pg., . (21/06893-3, 19/14017-9)
LONGUINHOS, RAPHAEL; CADORE, ALISSON R.; BECHTEL, HANS A.; MATOS, CHRISTIANO J. S. DE; FREITAS, RAUL O.; RIBEIRO-SOARES, JENAINA; BARCELOS, INGRID D.. Raman and Far-Infrared Synchrotron Nanospectroscopy of Layered Crystalline Talc: Vibrational Properties, Interlayer Coupling, and Symmetry Crossover. Journal of Physical Chemistry C, v. 127, n. 12, p. 10-pg., . (19/14017-9, 20/04374-6, 18/07276-5, 18/25339-4)
DE OLIVEIRA, RAPHAELA; GUALLICHICO, LUIS A. G.; POLICARPO, EDUARDO; CADORE, ALISSON R.; FREITAS, RAUL O.; DA SILVA, FRANCISCO M. C.; TEIXEIRA, VERONICA DE C.; PANIAGO, ROBERTO M.; CHACHAM, HELIO; MATOS, MATHEUS J. S.; et al. High throughput investigation of an emergent and naturally abundant 2D material: Clinochlore. Applied Surface Science, v. 599, p. 12-pg., . (19/14017-9)
MAYER, RAFAEL A.; FERES, FLAVIO H.; MAIA, FRANCISCO C. B.; BARCELOS, INGRID D.; MCLEOD, ALEXANDER S.; RODIN, ALEKSANDR; FREITAS, RAUL O.. Guidelines for Engineering Directional Polariton Launchers. PHYSICAL REVIEW APPLIED, v. 18, n. 3, p. 10-pg., . (19/08818-9, 20/15740-3, 19/14017-9)
FERES, FLAVIO H.; MAYER, RAFAEL A.; WEHMEIER, LUKAS; MAIA, FRANCISCO C. B.; VIANA, E. R.; MALACHIAS, ANGELO; BECHTEL, HANS A.; KLOPF, J. MICHAEL; ENG, LUKAS M.; KEHR, SUSANNE C.; et al. Sub-diffractional cavity modes of terahertz hyperbolic phonon polaritons in tin oxide. NATURE COMMUNICATIONS, v. 12, n. 1, . (19/14017-9, 19/08818-9)
DE BRITO, CAIQUE SERATI; RABAHI, CESAR RICARDO; TEODORO, MARCIO DALDIN; FRANCO, DOUGLAS F.; NALIN, MARCELO; BARCELOS, INGRID D.; GOBATO, YARA GALVAO. Strain engineering of quantum confinement in WSe2 on nano-roughness glass substrates. Applied Physics Letters, v. 121, n. 7, p. 7-pg., . (19/23488-5, 16/16900-9, 19/14017-9, 18/19272-4, 13/07793-6)

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