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Traditional populations in protected areas: socio-environmental dynamics and management of Conservation Units in the Lower Rio Negro Mosaic in Amazonas State

Grant number: 20/08242-7
Support type:Regular Research Grants
Duration: February 01, 2021 - January 31, 2023
Field of knowledge:Applied Social Sciences - Demography - Spatial Distribution
Cooperation agreement: FAPEAM
Principal researcher:Álvaro de Oliveira D'Antona
Grantee:Álvaro de Oliveira D'Antona
Home Institution: Faculdade de Ciências Aplicadas (FCA). Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP). Limeira , SP, Brazil
Assoc. researchers: Edila Arnaud Ferreira Moura ; Heloísa Corrêa Pereira ; Marilia de Jesus da Silva e Sousa ; Roberto Donato da Silva Júnior
Associated scholarship(s):21/05260-7 - Traditional populations in protected areas: socio-environmental dynamics and management of Conservation Units in the Lower Rio Negro Mosaic in Amazonas State, BP.TT

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to examine the distribution and spatial mobility of the traditional population in the Mosaic of Conservation Units of the Lower Rio Negro (MLRN) since 2000, connecting them to Protected Areas management policies and impacts on land cover. By considering the territorial configuration of MLRN, the study contributes to the field of Population and Environment and can be applied to the management of Conservation Units. They are central to the Amazon's biodiversity, warranting security for traditional populations. The spatial mobility of the population living in the units and their surroundings, through which places and processes are connected, is one of management challenges, requiring micro regional analysis. Thus, this study will integrate databases into a geographic information system (GIS-MLRN), using the Demographic and Economic Monitoring System and the dimensions considered in the project. The structuring of the GIS-MLRN common to the conservation units will involve gathering of existing cadastral data and data collected in the field - focal groups in the communities, survey in 30% of the domestic units in the protected areas and in the sections with traditional populations with access to the protected areas. Remote-sensing images will constitute the transition matrix of the forest cover to be contrasted with the spatial distribution of the population and its flow, producing maps of the relationships between protected areas zoning, population dynamics, and land-use cover. Expanding, organizing, and integrating data that assist in the management of the conservation units is crucial for the study area, as well as for environmental policies in the country. (AU)