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Freshwater ecosystems under climate change: impacts across multiple levels of organisation

Grant number: 19/08474-8
Support Opportunities:Research Program on Global Climate Change - Thematic Grants
Duration: March 01, 2021 - February 28, 2026
Field of knowledge:Biological Sciences - Ecology - Theoretical Ecology
Principal Investigator:Gustavo Quevedo Romero
Grantee:Gustavo Quevedo Romero
Host Institution: Instituto de Biologia (IB). Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP). Campinas , SP, Brazil
Pesquisadores principais:
Valeria Maia Merzel
Associated researchers:Camila Rabelo Oliveira Leal ; DOMINGOS DE JESUS RODRIGUES ; Mathias Mistretta Pires ; Thiago Gonçalves Souza ; Thiago Junqueira Izzo ; Victor Satoru Saito
Associated grant(s):23/01589-0 - Influence of aquatic-sourced subsidies on the resilience of receptor food webs in riparian forests, AP.R
Associated scholarship(s):24/01611-8 - Climate change impacts on the dynamics of interaction networks and on the ecological patterns of microbial diversity in tropical aquatic ecosystems, BP.PD
24/01870-3 - Ecological data management in the era of Big Data, BP.TT
23/15690-4 - Bioinformatic analyses and data management of microbiomes of tropical aquatic ecosystems, BP.TT
+ associated scholarships 22/13301-8 - Effects of climate and human pressures on ecological network structure and energy flows in major Brazilian wetlands, BP.PD
23/06228-5 - Nutrient enrichment and temperature increase as potential enhancers of priority effects: consequences for the structure of aquatic communities and the flow of energy and matter between aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems, BP.PD
23/09413-8 - Ecological networks and energy flows in geothermal gradients, BP.DD
23/01866-3 - Complex networks and energy fluxes in geothermal gradients, BP.TT
22/13597-4 - Microorganisms as climate change proxies in tropical aquatic ecosystems: a molecular approach, BP.DD
22/13302-4 - Continental aquatic ecosystems under climate change: impacts at multiple levels of organization, BP.TT
22/01637-1 - Combined effects of temperature and litter quality and functional diversity on the structure and functioning of natural freshwater microecosystemss, BP.MS
21/13299-0 - Effects of warming and nutrient enrichment on the structure and size spectra of aquatic communities, BP.PD
20/06778-7 - Epiphytic Tank Bromeliads in tropical forests: unveiling their role for seedling and soil bacterial communities through stable isotopes and metagenomic, BP.DR
22/03398-4 - Anthropogenic effects on the diversity and functioning of freshwater ecosystems, BP.TT
21/14192-5 - Impact of climate change on the dynamics of interaction networks and on the ecological patterns of microbial diversity in aquatic ecosystems, BP.PD
21/11950-6 - Unraveling the effects of global changes on multiple dimensions of ecological stability in aquatic ecosystems, BP.DR
21/07916-7 - Predicting the effects of global warming on the stability of food webs, BP.DD
17/26243-8 - Extreme rainfall events and their effects on the community structure and ecosystem functioning, BP.PD - associated scholarships


Freshwater ecosystems are particularly vulnerable to climate change because (I) many species in these habitats have limited ability to disperse as the environment changes; (II) the temperature and availability of water are climate dependent; and (III) many systems are already exposed to several anthropogenic stressors. The aim of this project is to investigate the effects of global climate change (e.g., warming, thermal variability, precipitation), predicted for the next decades, on the structure, stability and dynamics of complex ecological networks (food webs), as well as on the multiple facets of biodiversity of macroinvertebrates and microorganisms, and consequences for ecosystem functioning. By means of field experiments using natural microcosms (e.g., bromeliads) and mesocosms comprised of lacustrine organisms, we will manipulate the effects of warming, thermal variability/instability, and precipitation in temperate and tropical communities. We will also use latitudinal, altitudinal and thermal gradients (i.e., geothermal streams), as well as their underlying climatic components, as effective natural experiments to investigate and monitor the impact of climate change on (I) the structure of food webs and (II) the alpha and beta taxonomic, functional and phylogenetic diversity of macroinvertebrates and aquatic microorganisms. The integrated results of this multidisciplinary Thematic Project will improve our understanding of the impacts of climate change at different scales on structural and functional characteristics of natural freshwater communities, and take preventive measures in future plans for global conservation. (AU)

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Scientific publications (18)
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
RECALDE, FATIMA C.; BREVIGLIERI, CRASSO P. B.; KERSCH-BECKER, MONICA F.; ROMERO, GUSTAVO Q.. Contribution of emergent aquatic insects to the trophic variation of tropical birds and bats. FOOD WEBS, v. 29, . (19/08474-8, 18/12225-0, 17/09052-4)
MOI, DIEISON A.; ROMERO, GUSTAVO Q.; JEPPESEN, ERIK; KRATINA, PAVEL; ALVES, DIEGO C.; ANTIQUEIRA, PABLO A. P.; DE MELLO, FRANCO TEIXEIRA; FIGUEIREDO, BRUNO R. S.; BONECKER, CLAUDIA C.; PIRES, ALINY P. F.; et al. egime shifts in a shallow lake over 12 years: Consequences for taxonomic and functional diversities, and ecosystem multifunctionalit. Journal of Animal Ecology, v. 91, n. 3, p. 551-565, . (19/08474-8, 17/26243-8, 18/12225-0)
CEREGHINO, REGIS; TRZCINSKI, MARK KURTIS; MACDONALD, A. ANDREW M.; MARINO, NICHOLAS A. C.; ACOSTA MERCADO, DIMARIS; LEROY, CELINE; CORBARA, BRUNO; ROMERO, GUSTAVO Q.; FARJALLA, VINICIUS F.; BARBERIS, IGNACIO M.; et al. Functional redundancy dampens precipitation change impacts on species-rich invertebrate communities across the Neotropics. FUNCTIONAL ECOLOGY, v. 36, n. 7, p. 14-pg., . (14/04603-4, 19/08474-8, 12/51143-3)
NESSEL, MARK P.; KONNOVITCH, THERESA; ROMERO, GUSTAVO Q.; GONZALEZ, ANGELICA L.. itrogen and phosphorus enrichment cause declines in invertebrate populations: a global meta-analysi. BIOLOGICAL REVIEWS, v. 96, n. 6, p. 2617-2637, . (18/12225-0, 19/08474-8)
ROMERO, GUSTAVO Q.; MOI, DIEISON A.; NASH, LIAM N.; ANTIQUEIRA, PABLO A. P.; MORMUL, ROGER P.; KRATINA, PAVEL. Pervasive decline of subtropical aquatic insects over 20 years driven by water transparency, non-native fish and stoichiometric imbalance. BIOLOGY LETTERS, v. 17, n. 6, . (17/26243-8, 18/12225-0, 19/08474-8)
MOI, DIEISON A.; BARRIOS, MARGENNY; TESITORE, GIANCARLO; BURWOOD, MAITE; ROMERO, GUSTAVO Q.; MORMUL, ROGER P.; KRATINA, PAVEL; JUEN, LEANDRO; MICHELAN, THAISA S.; MONTAG, LUCIANO F. A.; et al. Human land-uses homogenize stream assemblages and reduce animal biomass production. Journal of Animal Ecology, v. 92, n. 6, p. 14-pg., . (19/08474-8, 18/12225-0)
PEREIRA, CASSIO CARDOSO; NOVAIS, SAMUEL; BARBOSA, MILTON; NEGREIROS, DANIEL; GONCALVES-SOUZA, THIAGO; ROSLIN, TOMAS; MARQUIS, ROBERT; MARINO, NICHOLAS; NOVOTNY, VOJTECH; ORIVEL, JEROME; et al. Subtle structures with not-so-subtle functions: A data set of arthropod constructs and their host plants. ECOLOGY, v. 103, n. 4, p. 3-pg., . (18/12225-0, 19/08474-8)
PEREIRA, THALES A.; VIEIRA, SIMONE A.; OLIVEIRA, RAFAEL S.; ANTIQUEIRA, PABLO A. P.; MIGLIORINI, GUSTAVO H.; ROMERO, GUSTAVO Q.. Local drivers of heterogeneity in a tropical forest: epiphytic tank bromeliads affect the availability of soil resources and conditions and indirectly affect the structure of seedling communities. Oecologia, v. 199, n. 1, p. 11-pg., . (19/08474-8, 17/09052-4, 12/51872-5)
NESSEL, MARK P.; KONNOVITCH, THERESA; ROMERO, GUSTAVO Q.; GONZALEZ, ANGELICA L.. Nitrogen and phosphorus enrichment cause declines in invertebrate populations: a global meta-analysis. BIOLOGICAL REVIEWS, . (18/12225-0, 19/08474-8)
NASH, LIAM N.; ANTIQUEIRA, PABLO A. P.; ROMERO, GUSTAVO Q.; DE OMENA, PAULA M.; KRATINA, PAVEL. Warming of aquatic ecosystems disrupts aquatic-terrestrial linkages in the tropics. Journal of Animal Ecology, v. 90, n. 7, p. 1623-1634, . (17/26243-8, 17/09052-4, 19/08474-8, 14/04603-4)
ANTIQUEIRA, PABLO AUGUSTO P.; PETCHEY, OWEN L.; REZENDE, FELIPE; MACHADO VELHO, LUIZ FELIPE; RODRIGUES, LUZIA CLEIDE; ROMERO, GUSTAVO QUEVEDO. arming and top predator loss drive direct and indirect effects on multiple trophic groups within and across ecosystem. Journal of Animal Ecology, v. 91, n. 2, . (17/09052-4, 19/08474-8, 17/26243-8, 18/12225-0)
SRIVASTAVA, DIANE S.; MACDONALD, A. ANDREW M.; PILLAR, VALERIO D.; KRATINA, PAVEL; DEBASTIANI, VANDERLEI J.; GUZMAN, LAURA MELISSA; TRZCINSKI, MARK KURTIS; DEZERALD, OLIVIER; BARBERIS, IGNACIO M.; DE OMENA, PAULA M.; et al. Geographical variation in the trait-based assembly patterns of multitrophic invertebrate communities. FUNCTIONAL ECOLOGY, v. 37, n. 1, p. 14-pg., . (16/09699-5, 18/12225-0, 19/08474-8, 14/04603-4)
NASH, LIAM N.; KRATINA, PAVEL; RECALDE, FATIMA C.; JONES, JOHN IWAN; IZZO, THIAGO; ROMERO, GUSTAVO Q.. Tropical and temperate differences in the trophic structure and aquatic prey use of riparian predators. ECOLOGY LETTERS, v. N/A, p. 13-pg., . (19/08474-8)
NESSEL, MARK P.; KONNOVITCH, THERESA; ROMERO, GUSTAVO Q.; GONZALEZ, ANGELICA L.. Decline of insects and arachnids driven by nutrient enrichment: A meta-analysis. ECOLOGY, v. N/A, p. 12-pg., . (18/12225-0, 19/08474-8)
NASH, LIAM N. N.; ZORZETTI, LUCAS W. W.; ANTIQUEIRA, PABLO A. P.; CARBONE, CHRIS; ROMERO, GUSTAVO Q. Q.; KRATINA, PAVEL. Latitudinal patterns of aquatic insect emergence driven by climate. GLOBAL ECOLOGY AND BIOGEOGRAPHY, v. 32, n. 8, p. 13-pg., . (19/08474-8, 17/26243-8, 18/12225-0)
BANDO, FABIELLE M.; FIGUEIREDO, BRUNO R. S.; MOI, DIEISON A.; THOMAZ, SIDINEI M.; MICHELAN, THAISA S.; GARCIA-GIRON, JORGE; HEINO, JANI; ALAHUHTA, JANNE; ROMERO, GUSTAVO Q.; MORMUL, ROGER P.. Invasion by an exotic grass species homogenizes native freshwater plant communities. JOURNAL OF ECOLOGY, v. N/A, p. 15-pg., . (19/08474-8, 18/12225-0)
REZENDE, FELIPE; ANTIQUEIRA, PABLO A. P.; PETCHEY, OWEN L.; VELHO, LUIZ FELIPE M.; RODRIGUES, LUZIA C.; ROMERO, GUSTAVO Q.. Trophic downgrading decreases species asynchrony and community stability regardless of climate warming. ECOLOGY LETTERS, v. 24, n. 12, . (14/04603-4, 19/08474-8, 17/26243-8, 18/12225-0)
ROMERO, GUSTAVO Q.; GONCALVES-SOUZA, THIAGO; ROSLIN, TOMAS; MARQUIS, ROBERT J.; MARINO, NICHOLAS A. C.; NOVOTNY, VOJTECH; CORNELISSEN, TATIANA; ORIVEL, JEROME; SUI, SHEN; AIRES, GUSTAVO; et al. Climate variability and aridity modulate the role of leaf shelters for arthropods: A global experiment. GLOBAL CHANGE BIOLOGY, v. 28, n. 11, p. 17-pg., . (19/08474-8, 17/09052-4)

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