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Current issues on glass crystalization

Grant number: 99/00871-2
Support type:Research Projects - Thematic Grants
Duration: September 01, 1999 - October 31, 2004
Field of knowledge:Engineering - Materials and Metallurgical Engineering
Principal Investigator:Edgar Dutra Zanotto
Grantee:Edgar Dutra Zanotto
Home Institution: Centro de Ciências Exatas e de Tecnologia (CCET). Universidade Federal de São Carlos (UFSCAR). São Carlos , SP, Brazil
Associated grant(s):01/03167-6 - Vladimir Fokin | institute of silicate chemistry of Russian - Russia, AV.EXT
00/11078-0 - Issak Avramov | Institute of Physical Chemistry - Bulgária, AV.EXT

Abstract

The general objective of this research is to study in detail and to contribute to the solution of several important problems regarding the mechanisms and kinetics of crystal nucleation and growth in glasses. Therefore, crystallization is the focused theme. The main, specific, objectives of this project are: 1. to study the competition between sintering and simultaneous crystallization of powdered glasses, from both theoretical and experimental points of view, and to define the conditions that favor each phenomenon; 2. to examine the possible nucleation of metastable phases (MP) in the initial stages of crystallization in glasses and, in case some MP is found,to determine the favorable conditions and the important variables (thermal history, sludges, etc.) that control this phenomenon; 3. to determine the possible dependence of the nucleus-liquid surface energy with nuclei size and temperature, as well as its influence in the kinetics of crystal nucleation; 4. to study other related phenomena, such as: the possible relationships among the temperature of maximum nucleation, Tmax, the magnitude of the maximum, Imax, and the temperature of glass transition, the effect of water (OH-) in the crystallization, etc. The three first objectives refer to current problems. The integration among them is assured by the focus of the work (crystallization) and by the fact that similar vitreous oxides will be studied, seeking to solve the three problems. However, we would not like to restrict this proposal solely to those three ideas, but also to have freedom to study related subjects, witha certain dynamics (that will depend on the flow of new ideas and of the readness of students and visitors). The theme crystallization is maintained in all sub-projects. Therefore, there is perfect coherence of objectives, of the important theories, of the experimental techniques and of the materials to be used. (AU)

Articles published in Pesquisa FAPESP Maganize about the research grant:
Fragility Overcome