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Yeast improvement by metabolic and evolutionary engineering

Abstract

Using evolutionary and metabolic engineering, either individually or in combination, our global aim is to improve yeast for its use in biorefineries. Firstgeneration bioethanol production in Brazil, in which sucrose from sugarcane is converted into ethanol by Saccharomyces cerevisiae with high yields, was chosen as a first case-study. We started with a yeast strain which had already been metabolically engineered to hydrolyze sucrose exclusively in the intracellular environment (Prof. Boris Stambuk, Federal University of Santa Catarina, Brazil). Without the capacity of hydrolysing sucrose extracellularly, this strain is obliged to transport this sugar actively into the cells via symport, which causes ATP expenditure to extrude protons from the cells back to the culture medium, in order to avoid acidification of the citoplasm. This energy drain forces the cells to produce more ATP, which, under anaerobiosis, is basically coupled to ethanol formation. As a first aim, we will characterize this strain quantitatively, in order to demonstrate that it converts sucrose into ethanol with a higher yield, when compared to strains with normal invertase activity. Subsequently, this strain will be subjected to evolutionary engineering, in order to increase the ethanol yield on sucrose even further. Future studies will focus on the metabolic and evolutionary engineering of industrial yeast strains, with the aim of improving tolerance towards the most relavant stressors present in the industrial bioethanol production, such as high ethanol concentration, high temperature, high osmolarity, and acid environment. The improvement of second-generation biofuels will also be tackled, by investigating tolerance of yeast towards common inhibitors released during hydrolysis of lignocellulosis materials, such as acetate, furfural, and hydroxymethylfurfural. (AU)

Matéria(s) publicada(s) na Agência FAPESP sobre o auxílio:
Scientists debate biofuel and biorefinery technologies  
More hydrous alcohol 

Scientific publications (5)
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
DELLA-BIANCA, BIANCA E.; DE HULSTER, ERIK; PRONK, JACK T.; VAN MARIS, ANTONIUS J. A.; GOMBERT, ANDREAS K. Physiology of the fuel ethanol strain Saccharomyces cerevisiae PE-2 at low pH indicates a context-dependent performance relevant for industrial applications. FEMS Yeast Research, v. 14, n. 8, p. 1196-1205, DEC 2014. Web of Science Citations: 13.
DELLA-BIANCA, B. E.; GOMBERT, A. K. Stress tolerance and growth physiology of yeast strains from the Brazilian fuel ethanol industry. ANTONIE VAN LEEUWENHOEK INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF GENERAL AND MOLECULAR MICROBIOLOGY, v. 104, n. 6, p. 1083-1095, DEC 2013. Web of Science Citations: 15.
DELLA-BIANCA, BIANCA ELI; BASSO, THIAGO OLITTA; STAMBUK, BORIS UGARTE; BASSO, LUIZ CARLOS; GOMBERT, ANDREAS KAROLY. What do we know about the yeast strains from the Brazilian fuel ethanol industry?. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, v. 97, n. 3, p. 979-991, FEB 2013. Web of Science Citations: 67.
BASSO, THIAGO O.; DE KOK, STEFAN; DARIO, MARCELO; DO ESPIRITO-SANTO, JULIO CEZAR A.; MUELLER, GABRIELA; SCHLOELG, PAULO S.; SILVA, CARLOS P.; TONSO, ALDO; DARAN, JEAN-MARC; GOMBERT, ANDREAS K.; VAN MARIS, ANTONIUS J. A.; PRONK, JACK T.; STAMBUK, BORIS U. Engineering topology and kinetics of sucrose metabolism in Saccharomyces cerevisiae for improved ethanol yield. METABOLIC ENGINEERING, v. 13, n. 6, p. 694-703, NOV 2011. Web of Science Citations: 38.
BASSO, THIAGO OLITTA; DARIO, MARCELO GOULART; TONSO, ALDO; STAMBUK, BORIS UGARTE; GOMBERT, ANDREAS KAROLY. Insufficient uracil supply in fully aerobic chemostat cultures of Saccharomyces cerevisiae leads to respiro-fermentative metabolism and double nutrient-limitation. Biotechnology Letters, v. 32, n. 7, p. 973-977, 2010. Web of Science Citations: 11.

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