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Granulocyte-colony stimulating factor improves mdx mouse response to peripheral nerve injury

Grant number: 12/14236-3
Support type:Regular Research Grants - Publications - Scientific article
Duration: August 01, 2012 - January 31, 2013
Field of knowledge:Biological Sciences - Morphology
Principal Investigator:Alexandre Leite Rodrigues de Oliveira
Grantee:Alexandre Leite Rodrigues de Oliveira
Home Institution: Instituto de Biologia (IB). Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP). Campinas , SP, Brazil

Abstract

BackgroundG-CSF has been shown to increase neuronal survival, which may positively influence the spinal cord microenvironment during the course of muscular dystrophies. Methodology/Principal FindingsMale MDX mice that were six weeks of age received a left sciatic nerve transection and were treated with intraperitoneal injections of 200 µg/kg/day of G-CSF 7 days before and 7 days after the transection. The axotomy was performed after the cycles of muscular degeneration/regeneration, consistent with previous descriptions of this model of muscular dystrophy. C57BL/10 mice were used as control subjects. Seven days after the surgery, the animals were sacrificed and their lumbar spinal cords were processed for immunohistochemistry (anti-MHC I, anti-Synaptophysin, anti-GFAP and anti-IBA-1) and transmission electron microscopy. MHC I expression increased in both strains of mice after the axotomy. Nevertheless, the MDX mice displayed a significantly smaller MHC I upregulation than the control mice. Regarding GFAP expression, the MDX mice showed a stronger astrogliosis compared with the C57BL/10 mice across all groups. Both groups that were treated with G-CSF demonstrated preservation of synaptophysin expression compared with the untreated and placebo groups. The quantitative analysis of the ultrastructural level showed a preservation of the synaptic covering for the both groups that were treated with G-CSF and the axotomized groups showed a smaller loss of synaptic contact in relation to the treated groups after the lesion. Conclusions/SignificanceThe reduction of active inputs to the alpha motoneurons and increased astrogliosis in the axotomized and control groups may be associated with the cycles of muscle degeneration/regeneration that occur postnatally. The G-CSF treated group showed a preservation of the spinal cord microenvironment after the lesion. Moreover, the increase of MHC I expression in the MDX mice that were treated with G-CSF may indicate that this drug performs an active role in regenerative potential after lesions. (AU)

Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
SIMOES, GUSTAVO FERREIRA; RODRIGUES DE OLIVEIRA, ALEXANDRE LEITE. Granulocyte-Colony Stimulating Factor Improves MDX Mouse Response to Peripheral Nerve Injury. PLoS One, v. 7, n. 8 AUG 13 2012. Web of Science Citations: 3.

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