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The effects of swimming on the 3D scapular kinematics in children and teenagers

Grant number: 13/11732-2
Support type:Research Grants - Visiting Researcher Grant - International
Duration: September 01, 2014 - September 30, 2014
Field of knowledge:Health Sciences - Physiotherapy and Occupational Therapy
Principal Investigator:Paula Rezende Camargo
Grantee:Paula Rezende Camargo
Visiting researcher: Augusto Gil Brites de Andrade Pascoal
Visiting researcher institution: Universidade de Lisboa, Portugal
Home Institution: Centro de Ciências Biológicas e da Saúde (CCBS). Universidade Federal de São Carlos (UFSCAR). São Carlos , SP, Brazil

Abstract

The visiting plan for the visitor researcher, Prof. Dr. Augusto Gil Pascoal (Faculdade de Motricidade Humana, Universidade Técnica de Lisboa, Portugal,) will include: 1) Description of the research project in which the research visitor will be engaged. Research project title: The effects of swimming on the 3D scapular kinematics in children and teenagers. Abstract: Swimming is one of the most popular sports around the world. Competitive swimming required a great demand on swimmers particularly in shoulder complex. In children and/or in teenagers the sport swimming can be cause of shoulder injury. Both scapular motion and posture are very important on overhead sports, such as swimming. In fact, during arm movements the scapular motion is one of the contributors to the glenohumeral joint stability. The scapular position as been already described in adults swimmers but the information is scar about children and/or teenagers. Thus the purpose of this study will be to compare the scapular kinematics and the muscular activation in children and teenager, swimmers and non-swimmers. The sample will include children and teenagers, age 6-15 years old, males and females, divided in a control group composed by 25 non-swimmers and an experimental group composed by 25 swimmers. The 3D scapular kinematics and the scapulothoracic muscle activation will be recorded during arm elevation-depression in the scapular plane. Kinematics will be recorded by means an electromagnetic tracking device and the EMG will be used to record muscle activation. Statistics are dependent on the normal distribution of data, checked by means the Shapiro-Wilk test for a significant level of 5%. 2) Description of the activities by which the contribution of the visitor researcher will be done. Based on the experience of the visitor researcher in shoulder biomechanics, he can be an effective adviser particularly on the results discussion of the proposed research project. During visiting time, the visitor researcher will perform some seminars and papers discussion about the project issues. Besides his contribution on the research project, he will also teach the course "Biomechanics applied to Physiotherapy" (1 credit) for Graduate students, and will present a talk entitled "Physiotherapy in Women's Health" (another research line developed by the research visitor) (AU)