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The construction of knowledge in architecture and urbanism: the course of civil architecture of José Manuel de Carvalho e Negreiros

Grant number: 14/10364-2
Support Opportunities:Regular Research Grants
Duration: October 01, 2014 - September 30, 2016
Field of knowledge:Applied Social Sciences - Architecture and Town Planning
Principal Investigator:Paulo de Assuncao
Grantee:Paulo de Assuncao
Host Institution: Faculdade de São Bento. Mosteiro de São Bento de São Paulo (MSBSP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil

Abstract

This project focuses his discussion on goal in the construction of knowledge in the field of architecture and urbanism during the Enlightenment in Portugal and Brazil, with the intention to analyze the work of José Manuel Carvalho e Negreiros (1752-1815), the first two books in addition of Jornada pelo Tejo -Dividida em doze dias, em cada um dos quais se tratam diversas matérias concernentes à Arquitetura Civil e seus pertences, handwriting and unpublished written in 1796 and 1797. The Enlightenment represented to the realm of architecture and urbanism, a new way of approaching the city and how it was organized. Urban interventions made in Lisbon, after the earthquake in the eighteenth century, allowed a wide discussion was undertaken with regard to the idea of an ideal city. It is possible identify that in the late eighteenth century scholars on the subject suggested a new way of seeing the space planning, architecture and the city, influenced by scientific progress and the Enlightenment spirit. Therefore, the traditional practices of the School of Military Engineering Portuguese were questioned, giving rise to new treaties. The interest in analyzing the first two books in addition of Jornada pelo Tejo is to continue the project FAPESP 2012/10111-1. This project aims to identify the construction of scientific thinking in architecture. These two books are part of the teaching material to be used in the training of professionals in architecture in the context of the portugueses territorial empire. (AU)

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