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Intervention strategies for elderly people with mild cognitive impairment


With the aging population, dementia has become one of the most important public health problems worldwide. Among the different types, that caused by Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most frequent, accounting for nearly 60% of cases. It is believed that the subtype of amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) may be an initial symptomatic form of AD. The literature suggests that this group, despite the difficulties, have preserved the ability to learn new information and adapt their behavior and no evidence of cognitive plasticity in tasks involving verbal memory, visual and executive functions. Among the interventions in the Gerontology area for this population, Health Education (HE) and Cognitive Training (CT) may be important choices to improve memory and quality of life. Thus, it becomes imperative to develop studies using intervention strategies for this population. Considering the above, this study aims to determine the effects of HE (lectures and guidance about questions listed in the group) and CT (attention, memory and executive functions) in elderly patients with aMCI, reviews with the transfer of strategies for everyday, pre and post intervention and follow-up. The participants will be assessed before and after interventions by instruments multidimensional assessment with follow-up after 6 months of intervention. In reaching this goal, the study will contribute to the advancement of the Gerontology in the practice of evidence-based clinical interventions that clarify important issues and not yet sufficiently resolved regarding prevention of devastating diseases such as Alzheimer's disease. (AU)

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Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
DIAS, JULIANE CRISTINE; RODRIGUES, ISABELA AZEVEDO; CASEMIRO, FRANCINE GOLGHETTO; MONTEIRO, DIANA QUIRINO; LUCHESI, BRUNA MORETTI; NISIHARA CHAGAS, MARCOS HORTES; CASTRO, PAULA COSTA; IOST PAVARINI, SOFIA CRISTINA; MARTINS GRATAO, ALINE CRISTINA. Effects of a Health Education program on cognition, mood and functional capacity. Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem, v. 70, n. 4, p. 808-815, JUL-AUG 2017. Web of Science Citations: 1.
FRANCINE GOLGHETTO CASEMIRO; ISABELA AZEVEDO RODRIGUES; JULIANE CRISTINE DIAS; LUDMYLA CAROLINE DE SOUSA ALVES; KEIKA INOUYE; ALINE CRISTINA MARTINS GRATÃO. Impact of cognitive stimulation on depression, anxiety, cognition and functional capacity among adults and elderly participants of an open university for senior citizens. Rev. bras. geriatr. gerontol., v. 19, n. 4, p. -, Ago. 2016.

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