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Study of the specific immune response and the identification of HIV-1 epitopes in slow progressor and elite controller individuals infected by the HIV-1

Grant number: 15/08200-4
Support type:Multi-user Equipment Program
Duration: September 01, 2015 - August 31, 2017
Field of knowledge:Biological Sciences - Immunology - Cellular Immunology
Principal researcher:Alberto José da Silva Duarte
Grantee:Alberto José da Silva Duarte
Home Institution: Faculdade de Medicina (FM). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Associated research grant:13/06584-4 - Study of the specific immune response and the identification of HIV-1 epitopes in slow progressor and elite controller individuals infected by the HIV-1, AP.R
As informações de acesso ao Equipamento Multiusuário são de responsabilidade do Pesquisador responsável
EMU web page: Página do Equipamento Multiusuário não informada
Type of equipment:Processos Biológicos - Caracterização - Analisadores
Processos Biológicos - Caracterização - Leitores de fluorescência (imageamento, placas)
Processos Biológicos - Caracterização - Leitores de placas
Manufacturer: Fabricante não informado
Model: Modelo não informado

Abstract

The global HIV/AIDS is one of the biggest pandemic in the last decades, since its discovery affected more than 60 million people and killed over than 25 million mostly in underdeveloped and developing countries. It is a priority to obtain a HIV vaccine and or new forms of effective treatments in the World. Unfortunately the enormous genetic variability of the virus is one the main obstacle encountered against it. Long term non progressors or slow progressor (SP) and elite controller (EC) individuals are between 1 to 5% from those infected, these subjects remain asymptomatic and without signs of aids progression for a period of time between 8 to 10 years, the numbers of CD4+ T cell remainstable and above 500 cells./mm3 without antiretroviral treatment. These individuals are considered "key individuals" in the study of correlates of immune protection from HIV and HIV vaccines development. The factors that determine a non-progression or slow progression of the virus and the role of regulatory T cells in these individuals are not fully understood and have been insufficiently studied in our country. The T cell responses against HIV have a role on the virus control and in the development of vaccines strategies, prophylactic or therapeutic. The marjority of vaccines studies are target to the induction of T cell responses against epitopes of HIV subtype B. It is important to define the epitopes recognized by T cells of the Brazilian individuals and study the cross-reactivity between different epitopes of HIV subtypes circulating in Brazil, evaluating the viral variability effect on the recognition of these HIV epitopes. Our main aims are: A) to characterize the epidemiological, clinical and laboratory profiles of the PLs and CE subjects of the HIV-1 infected cohort +,; B) to characterize the phenotype of Treg cells (CD4+CD25+) and their influences on T cells activation on PLs and CE individuals; C) to identify the immunodominant HIV-1 epitopes recognized by T cells of PLs / CE, and determinate the phenotype of T cell (CD4+ or CD8+) involved; D) to determine the T cell cross-reactivity between the B, BBr, C and F epitopes from HIV-1 Brazilian isolates. (AU)

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