Advanced search
Start date

Melatonin and senescence : study the modulation of the immune system during experimental infection with Trypanosoma cruzi.


Despite all the scientific advances in recent decades in order to unravel the host's immune processes and the fparasite evasion, Chagas disease is still a major public health problem. Life expectancy in Brazil has increased every year and this growth allows the emergence of an elderly population at risk of contracting Chagas disease. The immune response as well as most of the physiological functions decline with age, being this fact a probable theoretical explanation of the aging process. An important factor that may be involved both in the progression of Chagas disease and along the immunosenescence is the production of Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS). It is known that high levels of ROS in the host's tissues contribute to oxidative stress causing tissue damage which reflect the severity of Chagas disease. Additionally, studies have shown that melatonin levels decrease along with the aging process contributing for the oxidative stress observed in these patients. Moreover, the beneficial effects of administration of this hormone have been reported. With this study, we will evaluate the cellular and molecular mechanisms involved in the changes of immunity throughout life expectancy and its consequences in chronic T. cruzi infected and aged hosts. The findings and the analysis of the involvement of apoptosis processes, oxidative stress and inflammation during Chagas disease will be of great importance in the development of future immune intervention strategies - therapy aimed enabling a more effective host's immune response during infection. (AU)

Articles published in Agência FAPESP Newsletter about the research grant:
Articles published in other media outlets (0 total):
More itemsLess items

Scientific publications (4)
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
BRAZAO, VANIA; SANTELLO, FABRICIA HELENA; COLATO, RAFAELA PRAVATO; DUARTE, ANDRESSA; GOULART, AMANDA; SAMPAIO, PEDRO ALEXANDRE; NARDINI, VIVIANI; SORGI, CARLOS ARTERIO; FACCIOLI, LUCIA HELENA; DO PRADO JR, JOSE CLOVIS. Melatonin down-regulates steroidal hormones, thymocyte apoptosis and inflammatory cytokines in middle-aged T. cruzi infected rats. BIOCHIMICA ET BIOPHYSICA ACTA-MOLECULAR BASIS OF DISEASE, v. 1866, n. 11 NOV 1 2020. Web of Science Citations: 0.
BRAZAO, VANIA; SANTELLO, FABRICIA HELENA; COLATO, RAFAELA PRAVATO; PRADO, JOSE CLOVIS. T. cruzi infection among aged rats: Melatonin as a promising therapeutic molecule. Experimental Gerontology, v. 135, JUL 1 2020. Web of Science Citations: 0.
COLATO, RAFAELA PRAVATO; BRAZAO, VANIA; DO VALE, GABRIEL TAVARES; SANTELLO, FABRICIA HELENA; SAMPAIO, PEDRO ALEXANDRE; TIRAPELLI, CARLOS RENATO; PEREIRA-DA-SILVA, GABRIELA; DO PRADO, JR., JOSE CLOVIS. Cytokine modulation, oxidative stress and thymic dysfunctions: Role of age-related changes in the experimental Trypanosoma cruzi infection Check for updates Age-related thymic dysfunctions and Trypanosoma cruzi infection. CYTOKINE, v. 111, p. 88-96, NOV 2018. Web of Science Citations: 1.
BRAZAO, VANIA; COLATO, RAFAELA PRAVATO; SANTELLO, FABRICIA HELENA; DO VALE, GABRIEL TAVARES; GONZAGA, NATALIA DE ALMEIDA; TIRAPELLI, CARLOS RENATO; DO PRADO, JR., JOSE CLOVIS. Effects of melatonin on thymic and oxidative stress dysfunctions during Trypanosoma cruzi infection. Journal of Pineal Research, v. 65, n. 3 OCT 2018. Web of Science Citations: 29.

Please report errors in scientific publications list by writing to: