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Brazilian Program to Monitor Lightning

Grant number: 03/08655-4
Support type:Research Projects - Thematic Grants
Duration: October 01, 2004 - June 30, 2008
Field of knowledge:Physical Sciences and Mathematics - Geosciences
Principal Investigator:Osmar Pinto Junior
Grantee:Osmar Pinto Junior
Home Institution: Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE). Ministério da Ciência, Tecnologia, Inovações e Comunicações (Brasil). São José dos Campos , SP, Brazil
Co-Principal Investigators:Iara Regina Cardoso de Almeida Pinto ; Marcelo Magalhães Fares Saba


The general goal of the project is to investigate the lightning activity and characteristics in Brazil. These studies are of main concern due to the high flash densities in the country. The last estimate, based on the comparison between satellite and ground network data, suggests that on average approximately 50 to 70 million cloud-to-ground lightning flashes occur every year. The focus will be put on new findings on the lightning characteristics and their impact on the development of new technologies to provide lightning warning. Ground lightning networks in VLF, LF and VHF will be used to monitor the lightning activity. The validation of the lightning data will be performed through several campaigns using high high-speed GPS synchronized cameras, an instrumented tower for current measurements and rockets to triggered lightning. The information obtained by these techniques will be compared with meteorological satellite data. The project will be coordinated by the Atmospheric Electricity Group (ELAT), in collaboration in Brazil with the Federal University of Santa Catarina (UFSC), the University of Sao Paulo (USP), the Catolic University of Rio Grande do SuI (PUCRS), the Federal University of Mato Grosso do SuI (UFMS) and the Laboratory of Climate and Space of Santa Maria (LACESM/INPE), in the United States with the University of Washington (UW), and in New Zealand with the University of Dunedin (UD). The project will be supported by the Center for Climatic and Forecasting Studies (CPTEC/INPE), the Meteorological and Hydrological Center of Santa Catarina (CLIMERH), the International Research Center for Triggered Lightning (CIPRIN), the Technological Center of Aeronautic (CTA), the System for Vigilance in the Amazon (SIVAM) , the Meteorological Center of Parana (SIMEPAR), the Energetic Company of Minas Gerais (CEMIG), the Furnas Centrais Elétricas (FURNAS), and the Energetic Company of the South of Brazil (ELETROSUL). (AU)

Articles published in Pesquisa FAPESP Magazine about the research grant:
Lightning in the pampas 

Scientific publications (7)
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
CAMPOS, LEANDRO Z. S.; SABA, MARCELO M. F.; KRIDER, E. PHILIP. On 2 stepped leaders in negative cloud-to-ground lightning. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-ATMOSPHERES, v. 119, n. 11, p. 6749-6767, JUN 16 2014. Web of Science Citations: 1.
CAMPOS, LEANDRO Z. S.; SABA, MARCELO M. F.; WARNER, TOM A.; PINTO, JR., OSMAR; KRIDER, E. PHILIP; ORVILLE, RICHARD E. High-speed video observations of natural cloud-to-ground lightning leaders - A statistical analysis. ATMOSPHERIC RESEARCH, v. 135, p. 285-305, JAN 2014. Web of Science Citations: 38.
CAMPOS, LEANDRO Z. S.; SABA, MARCELO M. F. Visible channel development during the initial breakdown of a natural negative cloud-to-ground flash. Geophysical Research Letters, v. 40, n. 17, p. 4756-4761, SEP 16 2013. Web of Science Citations: 18.
SARAIVA, A. C. V.; SABA, M. M. F.; PINTO, JR., O.; CUMMINS, K. L.; KRIDER, E. P.; CAMPOS, L. Z. S. A comparative study of negative cloud-to-ground lightning characteristics in Sao Paulo (Brazil) and Arizona (United States) based on high-speed video observations. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH, v. 115, JUN 2 2010. Web of Science Citations: 28.
PINTO, JR., O.; PINTO, I. R. C. A.; DE CAMPOS, D. R.; NACCARATO, K. P. Climatology of large peak current cloud-to-ground lightning flashes in southeastern Brazil. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH, v. 114, AUG 26 2009. Web of Science Citations: 8.
SABA, MARCELO M. F.; CAMPOS, LEANDRO Z. S.; KRIDER, E. PHILIP; PINTO, JR., OSMAR. High-speed video observations of positive ground flashes produced by intracloud lightning. Geophysical Research Letters, v. 36, JUN 26 2009. Web of Science Citations: 25.
PINTO, JR., O.; PINTO, I. R. C. A. On the sensitivity of cloud-to-ground lightning activity to surface air temperature changes at different timescales in Sao Paulo, Brazil. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH, v. 113, n. D20 OCT 31 2008. Web of Science Citations: 17.

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