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Synthesis of nanocomposites by macroRAFT-assisted emulsion polymerization

Grant number: 16/01602-2
Support type:Research Grants - Visiting Researcher Grant - International
Duration: March 20, 2016 - April 08, 2016
Field of knowledge:Engineering - Chemical Engineering
Principal researcher:Amilton Martins dos Santos
Grantee:Amilton Martins dos Santos
Visiting researcher: Elodie Bourgeat-Lami
Visiting researcher institution: Laboratory of Chemistry, Catalysis, Polymers and Processes (C2P2), France
Home Institution: Escola de Engenharia de Lorena (EEL). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Lorena , SP, Brazil

Abstract

The aim of this work is to prepare clay or silica-based nanocomposite latexes by aqueous emulsion polymerization, using the reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT) polymerization. Hydrophilic polymers (macroRAFT) composed of poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG), acrylic acid (AA) or N,N-dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate (DMAEMA) and comprising hydrophobic n-butyl acrylate (BA) units (in some cases) and trithiocarbonate terminal group were initially synthesized. Then, the interaction between the macroRAFTs and the inorganic particles was studied through the plot of adsorption isotherms. By acting as coupling agents and stabilizers, the macroRAFT agents were used in the emulsion copolymerization of methyl (meth)acrylate and BA by semi-continuous process in the presence of the inorganic particle. Hybrid latex particles with different morphologies were obtained and the results can be associated to the nature and concentration of the RAFT (co)polymers, to the pH of the dispersion, the glass transition temperature of the final copolymer and to the polymerization conditions. (AU)

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