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The FAPESP-Keele network phase 2: exploiting a CRISPR-Cas9 platform for the generation of immune- and olfaction-mutant mosquitoes

Grant number: 16/13790-8
Support type:Research Grants - Visiting Researcher Grant - International
Duration: July 19, 2016 - September 11, 2016
Field of knowledge:Biological Sciences - Parasitology
Principal Investigator:Jayme Augusto de Souza-Neto
Grantee:Jayme Augusto de Souza-Neto
Visiting researcher: Julien Pelletier
Visiting researcher institution: Keele University, England
Home Institution: Instituto de Biotecnologia (IBTEC). Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP). Campus de Botucatu. Botucatu , SP, Brazil
Associated research grant:13/11343-6 - Characterization of the microbiota-mediated anti-dengue mechanisms in wild Aedes aegypti populations, AP.JP

Abstract

Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus are both dengue vectors found in Brazil but display completely different ecology: A. aegypti is essentially an urban mosquito, with preference for artificial breeding sites, strictly anthropophilic and with high capacity to transmit dengue. On the other hand, A. albopictus can be found in urban and rural environments, breeds on both artificial and natural breeding sites, is not restricted to human hosts, has lower capacity to transmit dengue and is an invasive species that spreads in different areas. Recent studies have shown that dengue virus induces the transcription of both immune and olfaction genes in the mosquito A. aegypti, suggesting interplay between these two physiological processes. A better understanding of the proteins that are important in olfactory behaviors and immunity response could pave the way towards novel strategies to control dengue in Brazil. This fellowship is part of the second scheduled visit of Prof. Julien Pelletier to Brazil, under the FAPESP-Keele cooperative agreement. (AU)