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Activation of the Cryptic Secondary Metabolite Biosynthetic Gene Clusters in Actinomycetes by Antibiotics Resistance

Abstract

Actinomycetes produce a variety of natural products that are of major importance in the agrochemical and pharmaceutical industry. More than 50% of all anti-infective and anticancer compounds developed over the past 25 years have been natural products or derivatives thereof. Recent advances in genome sequencing have revealed that such organisms have the potential to yield even more structurally diverse secondary metabolites. Thus, many microbial gene clusters may be silent under standard laboratory growth conditions. In the last ten years, several strategies have been applied to the activation of microbial cryptic biosynthetic pathways, like OSMAC, heterologous expression and homologous, co-cultivation and ribosome engineering. Among them, the ribosome engineering seems more attractive due to the fact of not requiring the global knowledge of the bacterial genome. This project aims to apply the ribosome engineering to generate mutants from three strains of actinomycetes (CAAT 1-54, EUCAL 26 and CAAT 2-63), previously studied in our laboratory, to evaluate the overproduction of antibiotics and also the identification of cryptic new secondary metabolites by LC-MS/MS from mutants. (AU)

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Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
ACQUARO JUNIOR, VINICIUS RICARDO; RODRIGUES, JULIA PEREIRA; BERALDO MORAES, LUIZ ALBERTO. Solid phase microextraction as a powerful alternative for screening of secondary metabolites in actinomycetes. Journal of Mass Spectrometry, OCT 2019. Web of Science Citations: 0.
AFONSO DE MENEZES, CLAUDIA BEATRIZ; AFONSO, RAFAEL SANCHES; DE SOUZA, WALLACE RAFAEL; PARMA, MARCIA MARIA; DE MELO, ITAMAR SOARES; SATORU FUGITA, FERNANDO LUCAS; BERALDO MORAES, LUIZ ALBERTO; ZUCCHI, TIAGO DOMINGUES; FANTINATTI-GARBOGGINI, FABIANA. Williamsia aurantiacus sp. nov. a novel actinobacterium producer of antimicrobial compounds isolated from the marine sponge. Archives of Microbiology, v. 201, n. 5, p. 691-698, JUL 2019. Web of Science Citations: 0.
LEITE, R. F.; GONCALVES, J. L.; PETI, A. P. F.; FIGUEIRO, F. S.; MORAES, L. A. B.; SANTOS, V, M. Antimicrobial activity of crude extracts from actinomycetes against mastitis pathogens. JOURNAL OF DAIRY SCIENCE, v. 101, n. 11, p. 10116-10125, NOV 2018. Web of Science Citations: 1.

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