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Are devolved functions of components of the 9-1-1 complex a common feature of TriTryp genome biology?

Grant number: 16/50193-8
Support type:Regular Research Grants
Duration: November 01, 2016 - October 31, 2019
Field of knowledge:Biological Sciences - Parasitology - Protozoology of Parasites
Cooperation agreement: University of Glasgow
Principal researcher:Luiz Ricardo Orsini Tosi
Grantee:Luiz Ricardo Orsini Tosi
Principal researcher abroad: Richard Mcculloch
Institution abroad: University of Glasgow, Scotland
Home Institution: Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto (FMRP). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Ribeirão Preto , SP, Brazil

Abstract

Recent work in Leishmania examined a key player in the damage sensing, cell cycle progression and DNA repair processes in these organisms. This factor, termed the Rad9-Rad1-Hus1 (9-1-1) complex is a ring-shaped heterotrimeric complex, structurally related to the PCNA clamp and is conserved amongst eukaryotes. Accumulating evidence indicates Leishmania 9-1-1 is central to genome maintenance and has evolved by a distinct route: devolution of both Rad9 and Hus1 activities. Gene knockout attempts have suggested that Rad9 and Hus1 are essential and cells deficient for either Rad9 or Hus1 display contrasting phenotypes when exposed to a range of genotoxic damage. In this project we wish to further study 9-1-1 functions by comparing Leishmania and T. brucei. It will be informative to ask if the devolved functions of Rad9 and Hus 1, as well as the core genome maintenance functions of 9-1-1, act to cope with the unusual biology of the Leishmania genome, or if they are seen also in T. brucei, which is (in some regards) more conventionally like other eukaryotes. We will use established biochemical approaches to ask if the devolved interactions of Rad9 and Hus1 seen in Leishmania are also found in T. brucei. We will apply genome-wide next generation sequencing strategies, in both parasites, to evaluate the impact of loss of the factors on genome replication and stability, and we will adapt the established iPOND strategy for use in the parasites allowing us to more clearly define all factors acting at replication forks. (AU)

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