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Human-wildlife conflicts in Amazonian extractive reserves: spatial footprint and impact of subsistence hunters on forest vertebrates


The Amazonian Basin has the largest remaining tropical forest of the world, accounting to almost 7 million of km2, it's been considered a high diversified biome. Brazil has the major part of this territory (4.7 million of km2), which has been severely changed by human activities, where 20% of it has deforested and other 32% has degraded by logging and human induced fires. To safeguard forest biodiversity, many large government-managed Protected Areas (PAs) have been created over the last decades. More than 60% of these PAs are legally occupied by human populations, who sustainably exploit natural resources, including game vertebrates. This project will evaluate the landscape-scale effects of subsistence hunters inside PAs on large-bodied vertebrate populations in order to quantify (1) this human spatial footprint; (2) the wildlife conservation performance of PAs, identifying the potential for "reserves within reserves"; and (3) provide technical guidelines to deploy a wildlife management protocol within human- occupied Amazonian PAs. This project will be the first study to assess the human occupied PAs efficacy to gamed species conservation in Amazonia, aiming to promote the rational use of this resource by local people of this Protected Area. (AU)

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