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Processes of subject constitution in African contexts: differentiation, iteration, intersectionality


This proposal considers processes of subject constitution in Sub-Saharan Africa, i.e. processes in which subjects are socially placed and/or displaced and thus come to occupy social positions that foster or foreclose determined and contextual possibilities of action and experience. We focus on the way in which subjects are constituted through different experiences and practices, such as: legal practices, practices of accusation, literary practices, political and religious performances, practices of interpellation and/or naming. Our analysis considers processes of differentiation in which subjects are constituted through the intersectionality between possible social places. This is done through iterative analysis, i.e. a consideration of pragmatic, discursive, and experiential instantiations that is not predisposed to find a reiteration of social positionality, but interrogates every iteration (event) of a determined practice or experience in search of the similarities and/or differences it bears with the iterations that precede or succeed it. Such an approach is especially indicated for dealing with African contexts, in which social differentiation has occurred very quickly. If the process of subject constitution in Sub-Saharan Africa precedes colonialism and even informs it, colonialism implies the consolidation of ethnic, racial, regional, religious, national, class, status, and gender identifications. Yet, if colonial processes of differentiation bear a relation of continuity with the local forms of differentiation that preceded them and pointed to the available social places in that context, they also operate a large-scale social and political displacement, which in turn informs post-colonial contexts. This proposal intends to examine the iterative process in which differentiations are established at every performative instantiation. (AU)

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Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
IRACEMA DULLEY; LUÍSA TUI SAMPAIO. Accusation and Legitimacy in the Civil War in Angola. Vibrant, v. 17, p. -, 2020.
STEVEN FELD; IRACEMA DULLEY; EVANTHIA PATSIAOURA; MAÍRA VALE; CATARINA MORAWSKA; RAFAEL DO NASCIMENTO CESAR; SUZEL REILY. Ressoar a antropologia: uma jam session com Steven Feld. Mana, v. 26, n. 3, p. -, 2020.

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